PRESS RELEASE

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Nov 01, 2018

Gaming and Leisure Properties, Inc. Announces Third Quarter 2018 Results

- Completes Acquisition Financing -
- Establishes 2018 Fourth Quarter and Revises Full Year Guidance -
- Completes Acquisition of the Real Estate Assets of Tropicana Entertainment and the Acquisitions and Lease Modifications to Accommodate the Acquisition of Pinnacle Entertainment, Inc. by Penn National Gaming, Inc. in October -

WYOMISSING, Pa., Nov. 01, 2018 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Gaming and Leisure Properties, Inc. (NASDAQ: GLPI) (the “Company”), the first gaming-focused real estate investment trust (“REIT”) in North America, today announced results for the quarter ended September 30, 2018.

Financial Highlights

    Three Months Ended
 September 30,
(in millions, except per share data)   2018
Actual
  2018
Guidance (1)
  2017
Actual
Total Revenue   $ 254.1     $ 255.2     $ 244.5
Net Income   $ 104.8     $ 106.1     $ 97.0
Funds From Operations (2)   $ 129.4     $ 130.5     $ 122.7
Adjusted Funds From Operations (3)   $ 164.1     $ 165.1     $ 170.5
Adjusted EBITDA (4)   $ 222.2     $ 222.8     $ 223.4
             
Net income, per diluted common share   $ 0.49     $ 0.49     $ 0.45

                                                                
(1)
   The guidance figures in the tables above present the guidance provided on August 1, 2018 for the three months ended September 30, 2018.

(2)   Funds from operations (“FFO”) is net income, excluding (gains) or losses from sales of property and real estate depreciation as defined by NAREIT.

(3)   Adjusted funds from operations (“AFFO”) is FFO, excluding stock based compensation expense, amortization of debt issuance costs, bond premiums and original issuance discounts, other depreciation, amortization of land rights, straight-line rent adjustments, direct financing lease adjustments, losses on debt extinguishment and retirement costs, reduced by capital maintenance expenditures.

(4)   Adjusted EBITDA is net income, excluding interest, taxes on income, depreciation, (gains) or losses from sales of property, stock based compensation expense, straight-line rent adjustments, direct financing lease adjustments, the amortization of land rights, losses on debt extinguishment and retirement costs.

Chief Executive Officer, Peter M. Carlino, commented, “While our real estate portfolio continued to perform as expected during the quarter, we remained focused on the execution of our previously announced acquisitions.  On September 26, 2018 we completed a very successful $1.1 billion note offering, with the benefit of our recently achieved investment grade credit rating.  On October 1, 2018 we announced the completion of our acquisition of the real property assets of Tropicana Entertainment Inc. (“Tropicana”) and on October 15, 2018 we announced the completion of the transactions related to the acquisition of Pinnacle Entertainment, Inc. (NASDAQ: PNK) by Penn National Gaming, Inc. (NASDAQ: PENN).  In aggregate these transactions increased our annual real estate income by approximately $155 million, while expanding and diversifying our geographic footprint and tenant roster.  These transactions are immediately accretive as demonstrated by our announcement on October 15, 2018 of our fourth quarter dividend of $0.68 per common share, which is an 8% increase from the prior quarter.”

Mr. Carlino continued, “Today we are happy to celebrate the five year anniversary of our spin from PENN and reflect on our substantial accomplishments.  We have completed transactions worth approximately $6.8 billion, growing our real estate revenue by over $580 million annually and increasing our dividend by 31% since our first quarter as a REIT.  In the process our portfolio has grown from 20 assets in 12 states to 46 assets in 16 states and we have expanded from one tenant to four tenants.  To fund these acquisitions, we have successfully issued approximately 90 million shares of common stock and completed $3.5 billion in note offerings.  Notably, we have achieved all this with a commitment to accretion and stability.  In the next five years, we anticipate building upon our success with further opportunities to grow our business and create value for shareholders.”

The Company's third quarter net income as compared to guidance was primarily impacted by the following variances:

  • Income from rental activities had an unfavorable variance of $0.5 million, primarily due to performance at PENN's Hollywood Casino Columbus and Hollywood Casino Toledo; and
  • Net interest had an unfavorable variance of $0.5 million as the Company took advantage of favorable long-term interest rates prior to closing on its acquisitions.

Portfolio Update

GLPI owns over 4,300 acres of land and approximately 15 million square feet of building space, which was 100% occupied as of September 30, 2018. At the end of the third quarter of 2018, the Company owned the real estate associated with 38 casino facilities and leases 20 of these facilities to PENN, 15 of these facilities to PNK and one to Casino Queen in East St. Louis, Illinois. Two of the gaming facilities, located in Baton Rouge, Louisiana and Perryville, Maryland, are owned and operated by a subsidiary of GLPI, GLP Holdings, Inc., (collectively, the “TRS Properties”).

Capital maintenance expenditures for the Company were $1.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2018.

Balance Sheet Update

The Company had $1,162.8 million of unrestricted cash and $5.4 billion in total debt at September 30, 2018.  On September 26, 2018, the Company issued $1,100.0 million of notes.  The net proceeds from the sale of the notes together with $386.0 million drawn on its revolver were used during October 2018 to (i) finance GLPI’s acquisition of the real property assets of Plainridge Park Casino from PENN and its issuance of a secured mortgage loan to Boyd Gaming Corporation (NYSE: BYD) in connection with BYD’s acquisition of the real property assets of Belterra Park Gaming & Entertainment Center, (ii) finance GLPI’s acquisition of substantially all the real property assets of five gaming facilities owned by Tropicana and its issuance of a mortgage loan to Eldorado Resorts, Inc. (NASDAQ: ERI) in connection with ERI’s acquisition of the real property assets of Lumière Place, and (iii) pay the estimated transaction fees and expenses associated with the transactions.

The Company’s debt structure as of September 30, 2018 was as follows:

    As of September 30, 2018
    Interest Rate   Balance
        (in thousands)
Unsecured Term Loan A-1 (1)   3.665 %   $ 525,000  
Unsecured $1,100 Million Revolver (1)   %    
Senior Unsecured Notes Due 2018   4.375 %    
Senior Unsecured Notes Due 2020   4.875 %   1,000,000  
Senior Unsecured Notes Due 2021   4.375 %   400,000  
Senior Unsecured Notes Due 2023   5.375 %   500,000  
Senior Unsecured Notes Due 2025   5.250 %   850,000  
Senior Unsecured Notes Due 2026   5.375 %   975,000  
Senior Unsecured Notes Due 2028   5.750 %   500,000  
Senior Unsecured Notes Due 2029   5.300 %   750,000  
Capital Lease   4.780 %   1,142  
Total long-term debt       $ 5,501,142  
Less: unamortized debt issuance costs, bond premiums and original issuance discounts       (51,995 )
Total long-term debt, net of unamortized debt issuance costs, bond premiums and original issuance discounts       $ 5,449,147  

                                                                   
(1)
   The rate on the term loan facility and revolver is LIBOR plus 1.50%. The Company's revolver matures on May 21, 2023 and the incremental term loan of $525.0 million matures on April 28, 2021.

As of September 30, 2018, the Company had $213.7 million remaining for issuance under the ATM Program and had not entered into any forward sale agreements. No shares were issued under the ATM Program during the quarter ended September 30, 2018.

As of September 30, 2018, the Company had 214,717,803 weighted average diluted shares outstanding.

Dividends

On July 31, 2018, the Company’s Board of Directors declared the third quarter 2018 dividend.  Shareholders of record on September 7, 2018 received $0.63 per common share, which was paid on September 21, 2018.  On October 12, 2018, the Company declared its fourth quarter 2018 dividend of $0.68 per common share, payable on December 28, 2018 to shareholders of record on December 14, 2018.

Guidance

The table below sets forth current guidance targets for financial results for the 2018 fourth quarter and full year, based on the following assumptions:

  • Includes the impact of the transactions closed on October 1, 2018, to acquire the real estate assets of Tropicana and the impact of the transaction closed on October 15, 2018 with PENN, PNK, and BYD;
  • Reflects estimated accounting treatment of the completed transactions;
  • Reported revenue from real estate of approximately $924.6 million for the year and $274.6 million for the fourth quarter, consisting of:
         
(in millions)   Fourth
Quarter
  Full Year
Cash Revenue from Real Estate        
PENN   $ 189.3     $ 536.3  
PNK   15.6     322.8  
ERI   27.5     27.5  
BYD   22.2     22.2  
Casino Queen   3.6     14.5  
PENN non-assigned land lease   (0.7 )   (2.8 )
Total Cash Revenue from Real Estate   $ 257.5     $ 920.5  
         
Non-Cash Adjustments        
Straight-line rent   $ (12.7 )   $ (61.9 )
PNK direct financing lease   (1.2 )   (38.4 )
Property taxes paid by tenants   25.4     89.4  
Land leases paid by tenants   5.6     15.0  
Total Revenue from Real Estate as Reported   $ 274.6     $ 924.6  
                 
  • Cash revenue from real estate includes incremental escalator on the PENN building rent component effective November 1, 2018, which increases 2018 annual rent by $0.9 million;
  • Five year variable rent reset on the PENN lease effective November 1, 2018, which reduces 2018 annual revenue from real estate by $1.9 million;
  • Adjusted EBITDA from the TRS Properties of approximately $32.8 million for the year and $6.3 million for the fourth quarter;
  • Blended income tax rate at the TRS Properties of 33%;
  • LIBOR is based on the forward yield curve; and
  • The basic share count is approximately 213.7 million shares for the year and 214.0 million shares for the fourth quarter and the fully diluted share count is approximately 214.8 million shares for the year and 215.0 million shares for the fourth quarter.
         
    Three Months Ended December 31,   Full Year Ending December 31,
(in millions, except per share data)   2018
Guidance
  2017
Actual
  Revised
2018
Guidance
  Prior 2018
Guidance (4)
  2017
Actual
Total Revenue   $ 304.7     $ 240.7     $ 1,057.1     $ 1,018.9     $ 971.3  
                     
Net Income   $ 105.6     $ 93.3     $ 399.2     $ 412.2     $ 380.6  
Losses from dispositions of property           0.4     0.2     0.5  
Real estate depreciation   50.7     25.3     124.8     98.6     100.6  
Funds From Operations (1)   $ 156.3     $ 118.6     $ 524.4     $ 511.0     $ 481.7  
Straight-line rent adjustments   12.7     16.6     61.9     51.9     66.0  
Direct financing lease adjustments   1.2     18.6     38.4     45.2     73.1  
Other depreciation   2.9     2.9     11.5     11.5     12.9  
Amortization of land rights   3.4     2.7     11.5     10.9     10.4  
Amortization of debt issuance costs, bond premiums and original issuance discounts   2.9     3.3     12.2     12.1     13.0  
Stock based compensation   3.3     3.7     11.2     11.2     15.6  
Losses on debt extinguishment           3.5     3.5      
Retirement costs           13.1     13.1      
Capital maintenance expenditures   (1.3 )   (1.0 )   (4.2 )   (4.3 )   (3.2 )
Adjusted Funds From Operations (2)   $ 181.4     $ 165.4     $ 683.5     $ 666.1     $ 669.5  
Interest, net   75.8     53.5     244.5     226.1     215.1  
Income tax expense   0.8     3.4     5.0     5.0     9.8  
Capital maintenance expenditures   1.3     1.0     4.2     4.3     3.2  
Amortization of debt issuance costs, bond premiums and original issuance discounts   (2.9 )   (3.3 )   (12.2 )   (12.1 )   (13.0 )
Adjusted EBITDA (3)   $ 256.4     $ 220.0     $ 925.0     $ 889.4     $ 884.6  
                     
Net income, per diluted common share   $ 0.49     $ 0.43     $ 1.86     $ 1.92     $ 1.79  
                                         

                                                                     
(1)
   FFO is net income, excluding (gains) or losses from sales of property and real estate depreciation as defined by NAREIT.

(2)   AFFO is FFO, excluding stock based compensation expense, amortization of debt issuance costs, bond premiums and original issuance discounts, other depreciation, amortization of land rights, straight-line rent adjustments, direct financing lease adjustments, losses on debt extinguishment and retirement costs, reduced by capital maintenance expenditures.

(3)   Adjusted EBITDA is net income, excluding interest, taxes on income, depreciation, (gains) or losses from sales of property, stock based compensation expense, straight-line rent adjustments, direct financing lease adjustments, the amortization of land rights, losses on debt extinguishment and retirement costs.

(4)   The guidance figures in the tables above present the guidance provided on August 1, 2018 for the year ended December 31, 2018.

Conference Call Details

The Company will hold a conference call on November 1, 2018 at 11:00 a.m. (Eastern Time) to discuss its financial results, current business trends and market conditions.

Webcast

The conference call will be available in the Investor Relations section of the Company's website at www.glpropinc.com. To listen to a live broadcast, go to the site at least 15 minutes prior to the scheduled start time in order to register, download and install any necessary audio software. A replay of the call will also be available for 90 days on the Company’s website.

To Participate in the Telephone Conference Call:
Dial in at least five minutes prior to start time.
Domestic: 1-877-407-0784
International: 1-201-689-8560

Conference Call Playback:
Domestic: 1-844-512-2921
International: 1-412-317-6671
Passcode: 13683829
The playback can be accessed through November 8, 2018

Disclosure Regarding Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Funds From Operations (“FFO”), Adjusted Funds From Operations (“AFFO”) and Adjusted EBITDA, which are detailed in the reconciliation tables that accompany this release, are used by the Company as performance measures for benchmarking against the Company’s peers and as internal measures of business operating performance, which is used for a bonus metric. The Company believes FFO, AFFO, and Adjusted EBITDA provide a meaningful perspective of the underlying operating performance of the Company’s current business.  This is especially true since these measures exclude real estate depreciation, and we believe that real estate values fluctuate based on market conditions rather than depreciating in value ratably on a straight-line basis over time. In addition, in order for the Company to qualify as a REIT, it must distribute 90% of its REIT taxable income annually.  The Company adjusts AFFO accordingly to provide our investors an estimate of taxable income for this distribution requirement. Direct financing lease adjustments represent the portion of cash rent we receive from tenants that is applied against our lease receivable and thus not recorded as revenue and the amortization of land rights represents the non-cash amortization of the value assigned to the Company's assumed ground leases.

FFO, AFFO and Adjusted EBITDA are non-GAAP financial measures, that are considered a supplemental measure for the real estate industry and a supplement to GAAP measures. NAREIT defines FFO as net income (computed in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles), excluding (gains) or losses from sales of property and real estate depreciation.  We have defined AFFO as FFO excluding stock based compensation expense, amortization of debt issuance costs, bond premiums and original issuance discounts, other depreciation, amortization of land rights, straight-line rent adjustments, direct financing lease adjustments, losses on debt extinguishment and retirement costs, reduced by capital maintenance expenditures. Finally, we have defined Adjusted EBITDA as net income excluding interest, taxes on income, depreciation, (gains) or losses from sales of property, stock based compensation expense, straight-line rent adjustments, direct financing lease adjustments, the amortization of land rights, losses on debt extinguishment and retirement costs.

FFO, AFFO and Adjusted EBITDA are not recognized terms under GAAP.  Because certain companies do not calculate FFO, AFFO, and Adjusted EBITDA in the same way and certain other companies may not perform such calculation, those measures as used by other companies may not be consistent with the way the Company calculates such measures and should not be considered as alternative measures of operating profit or net income. The Company’s presentation of these measures does not replace the presentation of the Company’s financial results in accordance with GAAP.

About Gaming and Leisure Properties

GLPI is engaged in the business of acquiring, financing, and owning real estate property to be leased to gaming operators in triple-net lease arrangements, pursuant to which the tenant is responsible for all facility maintenance, insurance required in connection with the leased properties and the business conducted on the leased properties, taxes levied on or with respect to the leased properties and all utilities and other services necessary or appropriate for the leased properties and the business conducted on the leased properties. GLPI expects to grow its portfolio by pursuing opportunities to acquire additional gaming facilities to lease to gaming operators. GLPI also intends to diversify its portfolio over time, including by acquiring properties outside the gaming industry to lease to third parties. GLPI elected to be taxed as a REIT for United States federal income tax purposes commencing with the 2014 taxable year and is the first gaming-focused REIT in North America.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, including statements regarding our financial outlook for the fourth quarter of 2018 and the full 2018 fiscal year; our expectations regarding future acquisitions, the expected impact of recently announced acquisitions and expected 2019 dividend payments. Forward looking statements can be identified by the use of forward looking terminology such as “expects,” “believes,” “estimates,” “intends,” “may,” “will,” “should” or “anticipates” or the negative or other variation of these or similar words, or by discussions of future events, strategies or risks and uncertainties.  Such forward looking statements are inherently subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions about GLPI and its subsidiaries, including risks related to the following: the availability of and the ability to identify suitable and attractive acquisition and development opportunities and the ability to acquire and lease those properties on favorable terms; the ability to receive, or delays in obtaining, the regulatory approvals required to own and/or operate its properties, or other delays or impediments to completing GLPI’s planned acquisitions or projects; GLPI's ability to maintain its status as a REIT; our ability to access capital through debt and equity markets in amounts and at rates and costs acceptable to GLPI, including through GLPI's existing ATM program; the impact of our substantial indebtedness on our future operations; changes in the U.S. tax law and other state, federal or local laws, whether or not specific to REITs or to the gaming or lodging industries; and other factors described in GLPI’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and Current Reports on Form 8-K, each as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to GLPI or persons acting on GLPI’s behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements included in this press release. GLPI undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements contained or incorporated by reference herein, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the forward looking events discussed in this press release may not occur.

Additional Information

This communication shall not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy any securities, nor shall there be any sale of securities in any jurisdiction in which such offer, solicitation or sale would be unlawful prior to registration or qualification under the securities laws of any such jurisdiction. No offering of securities shall be made except by means of a prospectus meeting the requirements of Section 10 of the U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended. In connection with the establishment of its ATM Program, the Company filed with the SEC a prospectus supplement dated August 9, 2016 to the prospectus contained in its effective Registration Statement on Form S-3 (No. 333-210423), filed with the SEC on March 28, 2016.  This communication is not a substitute for the filed Registration Statement/prospectus or any other document that the Company may file with the SEC or send to its shareholders in connection with the proposed transactions. INVESTORS AND SECURITY HOLDERS ARE URGED TO READ THE REGISTRATION STATEMENT AND PROSPECTUS THAT HAVE BEEN FILED WITH THE SEC AND OTHER RELEVANT DOCUMENTS THAT WILL BE FILED WITH THE SEC IF AND WHEN THEY BECOME AVAILABLE BECAUSE THEY CONTAIN, OR WILL CONTAIN, IMPORTANT INFORMATION. You may obtain free copies of the registration statement/prospectus and other relevant documents filed by the Company with the SEC at the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. Copies of the documents filed with the SEC by the Company are available free of charge on the Company’s investor relations website at investors.glpropinc.com or by contacting the Company’s investor relations representative at (610) 378-8396.

Contact

Investor Relations – Gaming and Leisure Properties, Inc.
Hayes Croushore
T: 610-378-8396
Email: Hcroushore@glpropinc.com

GAMING AND LEISURE PROPERTIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except per share data) (unaudited)

       
  Three Months Ended
 September 30,
  Nine Months Ended
 September 30,
  2018   2017   2018   2017
Revenues              
Rental income $ 170,276     $ 169,030     $ 509,546     $ 501,954  
Income from direct financing lease 30,843     19,037     76,448     55,377  
Real estate taxes paid by tenants 21,270     21,422     64,031     63,982  
Total rental revenue and income from direct financing lease 222,389     209,489     650,025     621,313  
Gaming, food, beverage and other 31,750     35,017     102,385     109,297  
Total revenues 254,139     244,506     752,410     730,610  
Operating expenses              
Gaming, food, beverage and other 18,962     19,890     59,027     61,635  
Real estate taxes 21,586     21,751     64,981     64,806  
Land rights and ground lease expense 6,484     6,417     19,460     17,627  
General and administrative 15,006     15,117     56,272     45,829  
Depreciation 27,267     28,632     82,744     85,312  
Total operating expenses 89,305     91,807     282,484     275,209  
Income from operations 164,834     152,699     469,926     455,401  
               
Other income (expenses)              
Interest expense (60,341 )   (54,493 )   (171,464 )   (163,099 )
Interest income 1,418     492     2,790     1,443  
  Losses on debt extinguishment         (3,473 )    
Total other expenses (58,923 )   (54,001 )   (172,147 )   (161,656 )
               
Income from operations before income taxes 105,911     98,698     297,779     293,745  
  Income tax expense 1,096     1,684     4,194     6,406  
Net income $ 104,815     $ 97,014     $ 293,585     $ 287,339  
               
Earnings per common share:              
Basic earnings per common share $ 0.49     $ 0.46     $ 1.37     $ 1.37  
Diluted earnings per common share $ 0.49     $ 0.45     $ 1.37     $ 1.35  


GAMING AND LEISURE PROPERTIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Operations
(in thousands) (unaudited)

       
  TOTAL REVENUES   ADJUSTED EBITDA
  Three Months Ended
 September 30,
  Three Months Ended
 September 30,
  2018   2017   2018   2017
Real estate $ 222,389     $ 209,489     $ 214,656     $ 214,204  
GLP Holdings, LLC (TRS) 31,750     35,017     7,495     9,201  
Total $ 254,139     $ 244,506     $ 222,151     $ 223,405  
               
  TOTAL REVENUES   ADJUSTED EBITDA
  Nine Months Ended
 September 30,
  Nine Months Ended
 September 30,
  2018   2017   2018   2017
Real estate $ 650,025     $ 621,313     $ 642,120     $ 634,428  
GLP Holdings, LLC (TRS) 102,385     109,297     26,504     30,192  
Total $ 752,410     $ 730,610     $ 668,624     $ 664,620  


GAMING AND LEISURE PROPERTIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
General and Administrative Expenses
(in thousands) (unaudited)

       
  Three Months Ended
 September 30,
  Nine Months Ended
 September 30,
  2018   2017   2018   2017
Real estate general and administrative expenses (1) $ 10,009     $ 9,081     $ 40,077     $ 28,605  
GLP Holdings, LLC (TRS) general and administrative expenses (1) 4,997     6,036     16,195     17,224  
Total $ 15,006     $ 15,117     $ 56,272     $ 45,829  

                                                                           
(1)
  General and administrative expenses include payroll related expenses, insurance, utilities, professional fees and other administrative costs.

Reconciliation of Net income (GAAP) to FFO, FFO to AFFO, and AFFO to Adjusted EBITDA
Gaming and Leisure Properties, Inc. and Subsidiaries
CONSOLIDATED
(in thousands) (unaudited)

       
  Three Months Ended
 September 30,
  Nine Months Ended
 September 30,
  2018   2017   2018   2017
Net income $ 104,815     $ 97,014     $ 293,585     $ 287,339  
Losses from dispositions of property 129     421     354     515  
Real estate depreciation 24,406     25,301     74,155     75,312  
Funds from operations $ 129,350     $ 122,736     $ 368,094     $ 363,166  
Straight-line rent adjustments 15,917     16,617     49,150     49,355  
Direct financing lease adjustments 8,002     18,614     37,241     54,459  
Other depreciation (1) 2,861     3,331     8,589     10,000  
Amortization of land rights 2,727     2,727     8,182     7,627  
Amortization of debt issuance costs, bond premiums and original issuance discounts 2,982     3,257     9,278     9,770  
Stock based compensation 3,275     3,695     7,878     11,951  
Losses on debt extinguishment         3,473      
Retirement costs         13,149      
Capital maintenance expenditures (2) (970 )   (460 )   (2,954 )   (2,187 )
Adjusted funds from operations $ 164,144     $ 170,517     $ 502,080     $ 504,141  
Interest, net 58,923     54,001     168,674     161,656  
Income tax expense 1,096     1,684     4,194     6,406  
Capital maintenance expenditures (2) 970     460     2,954     2,187  
Amortization of debt issuance costs, bond premiums and original issuance discounts (2,982 )   (3,257 )   (9,278 )   (9,770 )
Adjusted EBITDA $ 222,151     $ 223,405     $ 668,624     $ 664,620  

                                                                            
(1)
  Other depreciation includes both real estate and equipment depreciation from the Company's taxable REIT subsidiaries as well as equipment depreciation from the REIT subsidiaries.

(2)  Capital maintenance expenditures are expenditures to replace existing fixed assets with a useful life greater than one year that are obsolete, worn out or no longer cost effective to repair.

Reconciliation of Net income (GAAP) to FFO, FFO to AFFO, and AFFO to Adjusted EBITDA
Gaming and Leisure Properties, Inc. and Subsidiaries
REAL ESTATE and CORPORATE (REIT)
(in thousands) (unaudited)

       
  Three Months Ended
 September 30,
  Nine Months Ended
 September 30,
  2018   2017   2018   2017
Net income $ 103,126     $ 95,089     $ 285,712     $ 279,458  
Losses from dispositions of property 129         120      
Real estate depreciation 24,406     25,301     74,155     75,312  
Funds from operations $ 127,661     $ 120,390     $ 359,987     $ 354,770  
Straight-line rent adjustments 15,917     16,617     49,150     49,355  
Direct financing lease adjustments 8,002     18,614     37,241     54,459  
Other depreciation (1) 522     519     1,560     1,558  
Amortization of land rights 2,727     2,727     8,182     7,627  
Amortization of debt issuance costs, bond premiums and original issuance discounts 2,982     3,257     9,278     9,770  
Stock based compensation 3,275     3,695     7,878     11,951  
Losses on debt extinguishment         3,473      
Retirement costs         13,149      
Capital maintenance expenditures (2)         (51 )    
Adjusted funds from operations $ 161,086     $ 165,819     $ 489,847     $ 489,490  
Interest, net (2) 56,323     51,400     160,872     153,854  
Income tax expense 229     242     628     854  
Capital maintenance expenditures (2)         51      
Amortization of debt issuance costs, bond premiums and original issuance discounts (2,982 )   (3,257 )   (9,278 )   (9,770 )
Adjusted EBITDA $ 214,656     $ 214,204     $ 642,120     $ 634,428  

                                                                            
(1)
  Other depreciation includes both real estate and equipment depreciation from the Company's taxable REIT subsidiaries as well as equipment depreciation from the REIT subsidiaries.

(2)   Interest expense, net is net of intercompany interest eliminations of $2.6 million and $7.8 million for both the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.

Reconciliation of Net income (GAAP) to FFO, FFO to AFFO, and AFFO to Adjusted EBITDA
Gaming and Leisure Properties, Inc. and Subsidiaries
GLP HOLDINGS, LLC (TRS)
(in thousands) (unaudited)

       
  Three Months Ended
 September 30,
  Nine Months Ended
 September 30,
  2018   2017   2018   2017
Net income $ 1,689     $ 1,925     $ 7,873     $ 7,881  
Losses from dispositions of property     421     234     515  
Real estate depreciation              
Funds from operations $ 1,689     $ 2,346     $ 8,107     $ 8,396  
Straight-line rent adjustments              
Direct financing lease adjustments              
Other depreciation (1) 2,339     2,812     7,029     8,442  
Amortization of land rights              
Amortization of debt issuance costs, bond premiums and original issuance discounts              
Stock based compensation              
Losses on debt extinguishment              
Retirement costs              
Capital maintenance expenditures (2) (970 )   (460 )   (2,903 )   (2,187 )
Adjusted funds from operations $ 3,058     $ 4,698     $ 12,233     $ 14,651  
Interest, net 2,600     2,601     7,802     7,802  
Income tax expense 867     1,442     3,566     5,552  
Capital maintenance expenditures (2) 970     460     2,903     2,187  
Amortization of debt issuance costs, bond premiums and original issuance discounts              
Adjusted EBITDA $ 7,495     $ 9,201     $ 26,504     $ 30,192  

                                                                           
(1)
  Other depreciation includes both real estate and equipment depreciation from the Company's taxable REIT subsidiaries as well as equipment depreciation from the REIT subsidiaries.

(2)  Capital maintenance expenditures are expenditures to replace existing fixed assets with a useful life greater than one year that are obsolete, worn out or no longer cost effective to repair.

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Source: Gaming and Leisure Properties, Inc.