Gaming and Leisure Properties, Inc.
Gaming & Leisure Properties, Inc. (Form: 10-Q, Received: 11/09/2016 10:01:23)
Table of Contents

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q  
(Mark One)

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2016
 
OR
 
¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from          to          
Commission file number:  001-36124  
Gaming and Leisure Properties, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)  
Pennsylvania
 
46-2116489
(State or other jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)
 
Identification No.)
 
845 Berkshire Blvd., Suite 200
Wyomissing, PA 19610
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
 
610-401-2900
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Not Applicable
(Former name, former address, and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  x  No  ¨
 Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes  x  No  ¨
 Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:  
Large accelerated filer  x
 
Accelerated filer  ¨
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer  ¨
 
Smaller reporting company  ¨
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes  ¨  No  x
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date
Title
 
November 4, 2016
Common Stock, par value $.01 per share
 
207,126,523
 



Table of Contents

Forward-looking statements in this document are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause actual results, performance or achievements of Gaming and Leisure Properties, Inc. ("GLPI") and its subsidiaries (collectively, the "Company") to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include information concerning the Company’s business strategy, plans, goals and objectives.
 
Forward-looking statements in this document include, but are not limited to, statements regarding our ability to grow our portfolio of gaming facilities and to secure additional avenues of growth beyond the gaming industry. In addition, statements preceded by, followed by or that otherwise include the words "believes," "expects," "anticipates," "intends," "projects," "estimates," "plans," "may increase," "may fluctuate," and similar expressions or future or conditional verbs such as "will," "should," "would," "may" and "could" are generally forward-looking in nature and not historical facts. You should understand that the following important factors could affect future results and could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in such forward-looking statements:

the ability to receive, or delays in obtaining, the regulatory approvals required to own and/or operate our properties, or other delays or impediments to completing our planned acquisitions or projects;

our ability to maintain our status as a real estate investment trust ("REIT"), given the highly technical and complex Internal Revenue Code (the "Code") provisions for which only limited judicial and administrative authorities exist, where even a technical or inadvertent violation could jeopardize REIT qualification and where requirements may depend in part on the actions of third parties over which the Company has no control or only limited influence;

the satisfaction of certain asset, income, organizational, distribution, shareholder ownership and other requirements on a continuing basis in order for the Company to maintain its elected REIT status;

the ability and willingness of our tenants, operators and other third parties to meet and/or perform their obligations under their respective contractual arrangements with us, including, in some cases, their obligations to indemnify, defend and hold us harmless from and against various claims, litigation and liabilities;

the ability of our tenants and operators to maintain the financial strength and liquidity necessary to satisfy their respective obligations and liabilities to third parties, including without limitation to satisfy obligations under their existing credit facilities and other indebtedness;

the ability of our tenants and operators to comply with laws, rules and regulations in the operation of our properties, to deliver high quality services, to attract and retain qualified personnel and to attract customers;

the availability of and the ability to identify suitable and attractive acquisition and development opportunities and the ability to acquire and lease the respective properties on favorable terms;

the degree and nature of our competition;

the ability to generate sufficient cash flows to service our outstanding indebtedness;

the access to debt and equity capital markets;

adverse changes in our credit rating;

fluctuating interest rates;

the impact of global or regional economic conditions;

the availability of qualified personnel and our ability to retain our key management personnel;

GLPI's duty to indemnify Penn National Gaming, Inc. and its subsidiaries ("Penn") in certain circumstances if the spin-off transaction described in Note 1 to the condensed consolidated financial statements fails to be tax-free;

changes in the United States tax law and other state, federal or local laws, whether or not specific to real estate, real estate investment trusts or to the gaming, lodging or hospitality industries;


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changes in accounting standards;

the impact of weather events or conditions, natural disasters, acts of terrorism and other international hostilities, war or political instability;

other risks inherent in the real estate business, including potential liability relating to environmental matters and illiquidity of real estate investments; and

additional factors as discussed in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015 , in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and Current Reports on Form 8-K as filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC").
 
Certain of these factors and other factors, risks and uncertainties are discussed in the "Risk Factors" section in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015 and this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Other unknown or unpredictable factors may also cause actual results to differ materially from those projected by the forward-looking statements. Most of these factors are difficult to anticipate and are generally beyond the control of the Company.
 
You should consider the areas of risk described above, as well as those set forth in the "Risk Factors" section in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015 and this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, in connection with considering any forward-looking statements that may be made by the Company generally. Except for the ongoing obligations of the Company to disclose material information under the federal securities laws, the Company does not undertake any obligation to release publicly any revisions to any forward-looking statements, to report events or to report the occurrence of unanticipated events unless required to do so by law.


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Table of Contents

GAMING AND LEISURE PROPERTIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


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PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Gaming and Leisure Properties, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(amounts in thousands, except share data)
 
 
September 30,
2016
 
December 31, 2015
 
(unaudited)
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
Real estate investments, net
$
3,768,774

 
$
2,090,059

Land rights, net
593,069

 

Property and equipment, used in operations, net
121,382

 
129,747

Investment in direct financing lease, net
2,728,716

 

Cash and cash equivalents
25,359

 
41,875

Prepaid expenses
9,511

 
7,908

Other current assets
57,983

 
57,721

Goodwill
75,521

 
75,521

Other intangible assets
9,577

 
9,577

Debt issuance costs, net of accumulated amortization of $9,500 and $5,937 at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively

 
3,563

Loan receivable
26,738

 
29,350

Deferred tax assets, non-current
3,384

 
2,447

Other assets
1,306

 
387

Total assets
$
7,421,320

 
$
2,448,155

 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
588

 
$
406

Accrued expenses
7,290

 
9,580

Accrued interest
73,367

 
17,623

Accrued salaries and wages
8,221

 
13,719

Gaming, property, and other taxes
46,116

 
24,702

Current maturities of long-term debt
106

 
102

Other current liabilities
24,323

 
17,687

Long-term debt, net of current maturities and unamortized debt issuance costs
4,661,577

 
2,510,239

Deferred rental revenue
149,807

 
107,379

Deferred tax liabilities, non-current
265

 
232

Total liabilities
4,971,660

 
2,701,669

 
 
 
 
Shareholders’ equity (deficit)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Preferred stock ($.01 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued or outstanding at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015)

 

Common stock ($.01 par value, 500,000,000 shares authorized, 207,115,019 and 115,594,321 shares issued at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively)
2,071

 
1,156

Additional paid-in capital
3,745,505

 
935,220

Retained accumulated deficit
(1,297,916
)
 
(1,189,890
)
Total shareholders’ equity (deficit)
2,449,660

 
(253,514
)
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity (deficit)
$
7,421,320

 
$
2,448,155

 
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

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Gaming and Leisure Properties, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income
(in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
 
        
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Rental income
$
160,664

 
$
97,754

 
$
402,980

 
$
293,597

Income from direct financing lease
18,155

 

 
30,786

 

Real estate taxes paid by tenants
20,438

 
13,778

 
47,938

 
40,071

Total rental revenue and income from direct financing lease
199,257

 
111,532

 
481,704

 
333,668

Gaming
32,770

 
34,915

 
103,692

 
108,425

Food, beverage and other
2,613

 
2,794

 
8,221

 
8,464

Total revenues
234,640

 
149,241

 
593,617

 
450,557

Less promotional allowances
(1,365
)
 
(1,449
)
 
(4,161
)
 
(4,193
)
Net revenues
233,275

 
147,792

 
589,456

 
446,364

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating expenses
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Gaming
18,080

 
19,357

 
56,119

 
58,644

Food, beverage and other
2,037

 
2,128

 
6,174

 
6,489

Real estate taxes
20,866

 
14,174

 
49,148

 
41,138

General and administrative
21,821

 
19,285

 
64,988

 
64,546

Depreciation
27,165

 
27,557

 
81,267

 
82,585

Total operating expenses
89,969

 
82,501

 
257,696

 
253,402

Income from operations
143,306

 
65,291

 
331,760

 
192,962

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other income (expenses)
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Interest expense
(52,880
)
 
(31,226
)
 
(132,217
)
 
(90,373
)
Interest income
481

 
581

 
1,652

 
1,761

Total other expenses
(52,399
)
 
(30,645
)
 
(130,565
)
 
(88,612
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income before income taxes
90,907

 
34,646

 
201,195

 
104,350

Income tax expense
1,307

 
1,417

 
5,582

 
6,001

Net income
$
89,600

 
$
33,229

 
$
195,613

 
$
98,349

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per common share:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic earnings per common share
$
0.43

 
$
0.29

 
$
1.15

 
$
0.86

Diluted earnings per common share
$
0.43

 
$
0.28

 
$
1.14

 
$
0.83

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dividends paid per common share
$
0.60

 
$
0.55

 
$
1.72

 
$
1.64

 
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.


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Gaming and Leisure Properties, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Changes in Shareholders’ (Deficit) Equity
(in thousands, except share data)
(unaudited)
 
 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Retained Accumulated
Deficit
 
Total
Shareholders’
(Deficit) Equity
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
Balance, December 31, 2015
115,594,321

 
$
1,156

 
$
935,220

 
$
(1,189,890
)
 
$
(253,514
)
Issuance of common stock
86,074,167

 
861

 
2,694,060

 

 
2,694,921

Stock option activity
5,308,579

 
53

 
104,535

 

 
104,588

Restricted stock activity
137,952

 
1

 
11,690

 

 
11,691

Dividends paid

 

 

 
(303,639
)
 
(303,639
)
Net income

 

 

 
195,613

 
195,613

Balance, September 30, 2016
207,115,019

 
$
2,071

 
$
3,745,505

 
$
(1,297,916
)
 
$
2,449,660

 
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.


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Gaming and Leisure Properties, Inc. and Subsidiaries
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
Nine months ended September 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
 
 
 
Operating activities
 
 

 
 

Net income
 
$
195,613

 
$
98,349

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization
 
85,119

 
82,585

Amortization of debt issuance costs
 
11,889

 
7,730

(Gains) losses on dispositions of property
 
(460
)
 
89

Deferred income taxes
 
(997
)
 
(2,179
)
Stock-based compensation
 
13,804

 
12,658

Straight-line rent adjustments
 
42,429

 
41,869

(Increase), decrease
 
 

 
 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
10,593

 
(1,026
)
Other assets
 
(658
)
 
(2
)
Increase, (decrease)
 
 

 
 

Accounts payable
 
57

 
16

Accrued expenses
 
(4,123
)
 
3,634

Accrued interest
 
55,744

 
25,005

Accrued salaries and wages
 
(5,498
)
 
(902
)
Gaming, property and other taxes
 
840

 
(687
)
Other current and non-current liabilities
 
1,093

 
(314
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
 
405,445

 
266,825

Investing activities
 
 

 
 

Capital project expenditures, net of reimbursements
 
(323
)
 
(13,699
)
Capital maintenance expenditures
 
(1,693
)
 
(2,108
)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment
 
1,131

 
117

Principal payments on loan receivable
 
2,612

 
1,613

Acquisition of real estate assets
 
(3,267,123
)
 

Collections of principal payments on investment in direct financing lease
 
30,529

 

Net cash used in investing activities
 
(3,234,867
)
 
(14,077
)
Financing activities
 
 

 
 

Dividends paid
 
(303,639
)
 
(188,470
)
Proceeds from exercise of options
 
102,598

 
17,250

Proceeds from issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs
 
870,931

 

Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt
 
2,502,000

 

Financing costs
 
(31,908
)
 
(6,688
)
Repayments of long-term debt
 
(327,076
)
 
(68,073
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
 
2,812,906

 
(245,981
)
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents
 
(16,516
)
 
6,767

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
 
41,875

 
35,973

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
25,359

 
$
42,740

 
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.


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Table of Contents

Gaming and Leisure Properties, Inc.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
 
1.               Business and Operations
 
Gaming and Leisure Properties, Inc. ("GLPI") is a self-administered and self-managed Pennsylvania real estate investment trust ("REIT"). GLPI (together with its subsidiaries, the "Company") was incorporated on February 13, 2013, as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Penn National Gaming, Inc. ("Penn"). On November 1, 2013, Penn contributed to GLPI, through a series of internal corporate restructurings, substantially all of the assets and liabilities associated with Penn’s real property interests and real estate development business, as well as the assets and liabilities of Hollywood Casino Baton Rouge and Hollywood Casino Perryville, which are referred to as the "TRS Properties," and then spun-off GLPI to holders of Penn's common and preferred stock in a tax-free distribution (the "Spin-Off"). The Company elected on its United States ("U.S.") federal income tax return for its taxable year beginning on January 1, 2014 to be treated as a REIT and the Company, together with an indirectly wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, GLP Holdings, Inc., jointly elected to treat each of GLP Holdings, Inc., Louisiana Casino Cruises, Inc. (d/b/a Hollywood Casino Baton Rouge) and Penn Cecil Maryland, Inc. (d/b/a Hollywood Casino Perryville) as a "taxable REIT subsidiary" ("TRS") effective on the first day of the first taxable year of GLPI as a REIT. As a result of the Spin-Off, GLPI owns substantially all of Penn’s former real property assets and leases back most of those assets to Penn for use by its subsidiaries, under a master lease, a triple-net operating lease with an initial term of 15 years with no purchase option, followed by four 5 -year renewal options (exercisable by Penn) on the same terms and conditions (the "Penn Master Lease"), and GLPI also owns and operates the TRS Properties through an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary, GLP Holdings, Inc. In April 2016, the Company acquired substantially all of the real estate assets of Pinnacle Entertainment, Inc. ("Pinnacle") for approximately $4.8 billion . GLPI leases these assets back to Pinnacle, under a triple-net lease with an initial term of 10 years with no purchase option, followed by five 5 -year renewal options (exercisable by Pinnacle) on the same terms and conditions (the "Pinnacle Master Lease"). See Note 5 for further details surrounding the Pinnacle acquisition.
 
GLPI’s primary business consists of acquiring, financing, and owning real estate property to be leased to gaming operators in triple-net lease arrangements. As of September 30, 2016 , GLPI’s portfolio consisted of 36 gaming and related facilities, including the TRS Properties, the real property associated with 18 gaming and related facilities operated by Penn, the real property associated with 15 gaming and related facilities operated by Pinnacle and the real property associated with the Casino Queen in East St. Louis, Illinois.  These facilities are geographically diversified across 14 states and were 100% occupied at September 30, 2016 .
GLPI expects to grow its portfolio by pursuing opportunities to acquire additional gaming facilities to lease to gaming operators under prudent terms. For example, on September 9, 2016 the Company purchased the real property assets of the Meadows Racetrack and Casino (the "Meadows") from Cannery Casino Resorts LLC ("CCR"). Concurrent with the Company's purchase of the Meadows' real estate assets, Pinnacle purchased the entities holding the Meadows gaming and racing licenses and operating assets from CCR. GLPI leases the Meadows real property assets to Pinnacle under a triple-net lease separate from the Pinnacle Master Lease with an initial term of 10 years with no purchase option and the option to renew for three successive 5 -year terms and one 4 -year term, at Pinnacle's option (the "Meadows lease").
2.               Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") for interim financial information and with the instructions for Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete consolidated financial statements. In the opinion of management, all normal recurring adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included.
 
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of GLPI and its subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses for the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates.


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Operating results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2016 . The notes to the consolidated financial statements contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015 (our "Annual Report") should be read in conjunction with these condensed consolidated financial statements. The December 31, 2015 financial information has been derived from the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements.

3.    New Accounting Pronouncements

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

In February 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2015-02, Consolidation (Topic 810): Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis ("ASU 2015-02"). ASU 2015-02 affects reporting entities that are required to evaluate whether they should consolidate certain legal entities. Specifically, the amendments: (i) modify the evaluation of whether limited partnerships and similar legal entities are variable interest entities ("VIEs") or voting interest entities, (ii) eliminate the presumption that a general partner should consolidate a limited partnership, (iii) affect the consolidation analysis of reporting entities that are involved with VIEs, and (iv) provide a scope exception for certain entities. The Company adopted ASU 2015-02 on January 1, 2016 and it had no impact on the Company's financial statements.

Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments, a Consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force ("ASU 2016-15") . This ASU provides clarifying guidance on the presentation of certain cash receipts and cash payments in the statement of cash flows. ASU 2016-15 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. The Company is evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2016-15 on its financial statements, but does not believe the new guidance will have an impact on its presentation of cash receipts and payments on its consolidated statements of cash flows.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting ("ASU 2016-09"). This ASU amends certain aspects of accounting for share-based payments to employees, including (i) requiring all income tax effects of share-based awards to be recognized in the income statement when the award vests or settles and eliminating APIC pools, (ii) permitting employers to withhold the share equivalent of an employee's maximum tax liability without triggering liability accounting and (iii) allowing companies to make a policy election to account for forfeitures as they occur. ASU 2016-09 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017 and early adoption is permitted. The Company is evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2016-09 on its financial statements, but does not believe the new guidance will have a significant impact on how it accounts for share-based payments.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) ("ASU 2016-02"). This ASU primarily provides new guidance for lessees on the accounting treatment of operating leases. Under the new guidance, lessees are required to recognize assets and liabilities arising from operating leases on the balance sheet. ASU 2016-02 also aligns lessor accounting with the revenue recognition guidance in Topic 606 of the Accounting Standards Codification. ASU 2016-02 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018 and is required to be adopted on a modified retrospective basis, meaning the new leasing model will be applied to the earliest year presented in the financial statements and thereafter. The Company is evaluating the impact of adopting this new accounting standard on its financial statements.
 
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) ("ASU 2014-09"). This new standard will replace all current U.S. GAAP guidance on this topic and eliminate all industry-specific guidance. ASU 2014-09 provides a unified model to determine when and how revenue is recognized. The core principle is that a company should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration for which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. At the April 1, 2015 FASB meeting, the board voted to defer the effective date for the new revenue recognition standard to annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017. The pronouncement was originally effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and companies are permitted to elect the adoption of the standard as of the original effective date. When adopted, the new guidance can be applied either retrospectively to each period presented or as a cumulative-effect adjustment as of the date of adoption. The Company is evaluating the impact of adopting this new accounting standard on its financial statements and internal revenue recognition policies.
 


9


4.               Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
 
The following methods and assumptions are used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instruments for which it is practicable to estimate:
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents
 
The fair value of the Company’s cash and cash equivalents approximates the carrying value of the Company’s cash and cash equivalents, due to the short maturity of the cash equivalents.

Deferred Compensation Plan Assets and Corresponding Liabilities

The Company's deferred compensation plan assets consist of open-ended mutual funds and as such the fair value measurement of the assets is considered a Level 1 measurement as defined under Accounting Standards Code ("ASC") 820 "Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures" ("ASC 820"). Deferred compensation plan assets are included within other current assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Deferred compensation liabilities approximate the plan's assets and are included with current liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. The difference between the Company's deferred compensation plan assets and liabilities is related to timing differences between the funding of assets held at the plan trustee and the actual contributions from eligible employees' compensation.

Loan Receivable

The fair value of the loan receivable approximates the carrying value of the Company's loan receivable, as collection on the outstanding loan balance is reasonably assured and the interest rate approximates market rates for a similar instrument. The fair value measurement of the loan receivable is considered a Level 3 measurement as defined under ASC 820.

Investment in Direct Financing Lease, Net

The fair value of the investment in direct financing lease, net approximates the carrying value of the Company's investment in direct financing lease, net, as collection on the outstanding receivable balance is reasonably assured. The fair value measurement of the investment in direct financing lease, net is considered a Level 3 measurement as defined under ASC 820.

Long-term Debt
 
The fair value of the senior unsecured notes and senior unsecured credit facility is estimated based on quoted prices in active markets and as such is a Level 1 measurement as defined under ASC 820.
 
The estimated fair values of the Company’s financial instruments are as follows (in thousands):
 
September 30, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
 
Carrying
Amount
 
Fair
Value
 
Carrying
Amount
 
Fair
Value
Financial assets:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Investment in direct financing lease, net
$
2,728,716

 
$
2,728,716

 
$

 
$

Cash and cash equivalents
25,359

 
25,359

 
41,875

 
41,875

Deferred compensation plan assets
17,110

 
17,110

 
14,833

 
14,833

Loan receivable
26,738

 
26,738

 
29,350

 
29,350

Financial liabilities:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Deferred compensation plan liabilities
17,263

 
17,263

 
14,866

 
14,866

Long-term debt
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Senior unsecured credit facility
1,290,000

 
1,283,165

 
490,000

 
479,612

Senior unsecured notes
3,425,000

 
3,643,750

 
2,050,000

 
2,014,750



 

10


Revenue Recognition and Promotional Allowances
 
The Company recognizes rental revenue from tenants, including rental abatements, lease incentives and contractually fixed increases attributable to operating leases, on a straight-line basis over the term of the related leases when collectability is reasonably assured. Additionally, percentage rent that is fixed and determinable at the lease inception date is recorded on a straight-line basis over the lease term, resulting in the recognition of deferred rental revenue on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets. Deferred rental revenue is amortized to rental revenue on a straight-line basis over the remainder of the lease term. The lease term includes the initial non-cancelable lease term and any reasonably assured renewable periods. Contingent rental income that is not fixed and determinable at lease inception is recognized only when the lessee achieves the specified target. Recognition of rental income commences when control of the facility has been transferred to the tenant.

The Company recognizes income from tenants subject to direct financing leases ratably over the lease term using the effective interest rate method which produces a constant periodic rate of return on the net investment in the leased property. At lease inception, the Company records an asset which represents the Company's net investment in the direct financing lease. This initial net investment is determined by aggregating the total future minimum lease payments attributable to the direct financing lease and the estimated residual value of the property, less unearned income. Over the lease term, the investment in the direct financing lease is reduced and income is recognized for the building portion of rent. Furthermore, as the net investment in direct financing lease includes only future minimum lease payments, percentage rent that is not fixed and determinable at the lease inception is excluded from the determination of the rent attributable to the leased assets and will therefore be recorded as income from the direct financing lease in the period earned. For further detail on the Company's direct financing lease refer to Note 9.
 
As of September 30, 2016 , 18 of the Company’s real estate investment properties were leased to a subsidiary of Penn under the Penn Master Lease and 14 of the Company's real estate investment properties were leased to a subsidiary of Pinnacle under the Pinnacle Master Lease. The obligations under the Penn and Pinnacle Master Leases are guaranteed by Penn and Pinnacle, respectively and by most Penn and Pinnacle subsidiaries that occupy and operate the facilities leased under the Master Leases. A default by Penn or its subsidiaries with regard to any facility will cause a default with regard to the Penn Master Lease and a default by Pinnacle or its subsidiaries with regard to any facility will cause a default with regard to the Pinnacle Master Lease. Additionally, the newly acquired Meadows real estate assets are leased to Pinnacle under a single property triple-net lease separate from the Pinnacle Master Lease. GLPI also leases the Casino Queen property back to its operator on a triple-net basis on terms similar to those in the Master Leases.
 
The rent structure under the Penn Master Lease includes a fixed component, a portion of which is subject to an annual 2% escalator if certain rent coverage ratio thresholds are met, and a component that is based on the performance of the facilities, which is adjusted, subject to certain floors (i) every five years to an amount equal to 4% of the average net revenues of all facilities under the Penn Master Lease (other than Hollywood Casino Columbus and Hollywood Casino Toledo) during the preceding five years , and (ii) monthly by an amount equal to 20% of the change in net revenues of Hollywood Casino Columbus and Hollywood Casino Toledo during the preceding month. In addition to rent, all properties under the Penn Master Lease are required to pay the following executory costs: (1) all facility maintenance, (2) all insurance required in connection with the leased properties and the business conducted on the leased properties, (3) taxes levied on or with respect to the leased properties (other than taxes on the income of the lessor) and (4) all utilities and other services necessary or appropriate for the leased properties and the business conducted on the leased properties.

Similar to the Penn Master Lease, the Pinnacle Master Lease also includes a fixed component, a portion of which is subject to an annual 2% escalator if certain rent coverage ratio thresholds are met and a component that is based on the performance of the facilities, which is adjusted, subject to certain floors every two years to an amount equal to 4% of the average annual net revenues of all facilities under the Pinnacle Master Lease during the preceding two years . As a tenant under a triple-net lease, Pinnacle is also responsible for all executory charges described in the above paragraph.

 The Meadows lease contains a fixed component, subject to annual escalators, and a component that is based on the performance of the facility, which is reset every two years to a fixed amount determined by multiplying (i) 4% by (ii) the average annual net revenues of the facility for the trailing two year period. The Meadows lease contains an annual escalator provision for up to 5% of the base rent, if certain rent coverage ratio thresholds are met, which remains at 5% until the earlier of ten years or the year in which total rent is $31 million , at which point the escalator will be reduced to 2% annually thereafter. Similar to the master leases, the tenant is responsible for all executory charges described above.

The rent structure under the Casino Queen lease also includes a fixed component, a portion of which is subject to an annual 2% escalator if certain rent coverage ratio thresholds are met, and a component that is based on the performance of the facility, which is reset every five years to a fixed amount equal to the greater of (i) the annual amount of non-fixed rent

11


applicable for the lease year immediately preceding such rent reset year and (ii) an amount equal to 4% of the average annual net revenues of the facility for the trailing five year period. Similar to the master leases, the tenant is responsible for all executory charges described above.

The Company determined, based on facts and circumstances prevailing at the time of each lease's inception, that neither Penn, Pinnacle (excluding the Meadows lease as described below) nor Casino Queen could effectively operate and run their respective business without the properties that are leased to it under the respective lease agreements with GLPI. Furthermore, at lease inception, all of Casino Queen's revenues and substantially all of Penn's and Pinnacle's revenues were generated from operations in connection with the leased properties. There are also various legal restrictions in the jurisdictions in which Penn, Pinnacle and Casino Queen operate that limit the availability and location of gaming facilities, which makes relocation or replacement of the leased gaming facilities restrictive and potentially impracticable or unavailable. Moreover, under the terms of the Penn and Pinnacle Master Leases, Penn and Pinnacle must make their renewal election with respect to all of the leased property together; the tenant is not entitled to selectively renew certain of the leased property while not renewing other property. Accordingly, the Company concluded that failure by Penn, Pinnacle or Casino Queen to renew the lease would impose a significant penalty on such tenant such that renewal of all lease renewal options appears at lease inception to be reasonably assured. Therefore, the Company concluded that the term of the leases with both Penn and Casino Queen is 35 years , equal to the initial 15 year term plus all four of the 5 year renewal options. The lease term of the Pinnacle Master Lease is also 35 years , equal to the initial 10 year term plus all five of the 5 -year renewal options.

As described above, subsequent to purchasing the majority of Pinnacle's real estate assets and leasing them back to Pinnacle, GLPI entered into a separate triple-net lease with Pinnacle to lease the newly acquired Meadows real estate assets to Pinnacle. Because this lease involves only a single property within Pinnacle's portfolio, GLPI concluded it was not reasonably assured at lease inception that Pinnacle would elect to exercise all lease renewal options. The Company concluded that failure by Pinnacle to renew the Meadows lease would not impose a significant penalty on such tenant as this property's operations represent only an incremental portion of Pinnacle's total business at lease inception. Therefore, the Company concluded that the lease term of the Meadows lease is 10 years , equal to the initial 10 year term only.

As of September 30, 2016 , the future minimum rental income from the Company's properties under non-cancelable operating leases, including any reasonably assured rental periods, is as follows (in thousands):
Year ending December 31,
 
2016
$
153,952

2017
614,212

2018
616,732

2019
629,337

2020
629,337

Thereafter
17,772,030

Total
$
20,415,600


As of September 30, 2016 , the expected future cash receipts to be recognized as income, as well as the cash receipts to be applied against the investment in direct financing lease from the Company's properties under the non-cancelable direct financing lease, inclusive of the fixed portion of ground lease rent and including any reasonably assured rental periods, is as follows (in thousands):
Year ending December 31,
Cash Receipts to be Recorded as Income
Cash Receipts to be Applied Against the Investment in Direct Financing Lease
2016
$
17,724

$
18,004

2017
68,672

73,073

2018
66,509

45,244

2019
64,722

32,881

2020
63,057

34,546

Thereafter
1,121,270

1,835,157

Total
$
1,401,954

$
2,038,905


Additionally, in accordance with ASC 605, "Revenue Recognition," the Company records revenue for the real estate taxes paid by its tenants on the leased properties with an offsetting expense in real estate taxes within the condensed

12


consolidated statement of income as the Company has concluded it is the primary obligor. Similarly, the Company records revenue for the ground lease rent paid by its tenants with an offsetting expense in general and administrative expense within the condensed consolidated statement of income as the Company has concluded that as the lessee it is the primary obligor under the ground leases. The Company subleases these ground leases back to its tenants, who are responsible for payment directly to the landlord. The portion of the ground lease rent that is fixed and determinable is included in the schedule above as future income, while the portion of the ground lease rent that is variable, as well as, the property taxes the Company's records as revenue are excluded from future minimum revenue as the amounts are not fixed and determinable at September 30, 2016 . Furthermore, any contingent rent the Company expects to receive from tenants is excluded from the above schedules as it is not fixed and determinable at September 30, 2016 .
 
Gaming revenue generated by the TRS Properties mainly consists of video lottery gaming revenue, and to a lesser extent, table game and poker revenue. Video lottery gaming revenue is the aggregate net difference between gaming wins and losses with liabilities recognized for funds deposited by customers before gaming play occurs, for "ticket-in, ticket-out" coupons in the customers’ possession, and for accruals related to the anticipated payout of progressive jackpots. Progressive slot machines, which contain base jackpots that increase at a progressive rate based on the number of coins played, are charged to revenue as the amount of the jackpots increases. Table game gaming revenue is the aggregate of table drop adjusted for the change in aggregate table chip inventory. Table drop is the total dollar amount of the currency, coins, chips, tokens, outstanding counter checks (markers), and front money that are removed from the live gaming tables. Additionally, food and beverage revenue is recognized as services are performed.
 
The following table discloses the components of gaming revenue within the condensed consolidated statements of income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 :
        
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
(in thousands)
 
(in thousands)
Video lottery
$
28,285

 
$
30,053

 
$
89,403

 
$
93,224

Table game
4,226

 
4,584

 
13,417

 
14,275

Poker
259

 
278

 
872

 
926

Total gaming revenue, net of cash incentives
$
32,770

 
$
34,915

 
$
103,692

 
$
108,425

 
Gaming revenue is recognized net of certain sales incentives in accordance with ASC 605-50, "Revenue Recognition— Customer Payments and Incentives." The Company records certain sales incentives and points earned in point-loyalty programs as a reduction of revenue.

The retail value of food and beverage and other services furnished to guests without charge is included in gross revenues and then deducted as promotional allowances. The amounts included in promotional allowances for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 are as follows: 
        
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
(in thousands)
 
(in thousands)
Food and beverage
$
1,336

 
$
1,427

 
$
4,070

 
$
4,150

Other
29

 
22

 
91

 
43

Total promotional allowances
$
1,365

 
$
1,449

 
$
4,161

 
$
4,193













13


The estimated cost of providing such complimentary services, which is primarily included in food, beverage, and other expense, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 are as follows: 
        
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
(in thousands)
Food and beverage
$
582

 
$
578

 
$
1,696

 
$
1,750

Other
13

 
12

 
42

 
19

Total cost of complimentary services
$
595

 
$
590

 
$
1,738

 
$
1,769

 
Gaming and Admission Taxes
 
For the TRS Properties, the Company is subject to gaming and admission taxes based on gross gaming revenues in the jurisdictions in which it operates. The Company primarily recognizes gaming tax expense based on the statutorily required percentage of revenue that is required to be paid to state and local jurisdictions in the states where wagering occurs. At Hollywood Casino Baton Rouge, the gaming and admission tax is based on graduated tax rates. At Hollywood Casino Perryville, the gaming tax rate is flat. The Company records gaming and admission taxes at the Company’s estimated effective gaming tax rate for the year, considering estimated taxable gaming revenue and the applicable rates. Such estimates are adjusted each interim period. If gaming and admission tax rates change during the year, such changes are applied prospectively in the determination of gaming and admission tax expense in future interim periods.  For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 , these expenses, which are primarily recorded within gaming expense in the condensed consolidated statements of income, totaled $13.9 million and $43.9 million , respectively, as compared to $15.1 million and $45.8 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 .

Earnings Per Share
 
The Company calculates earnings per share ("EPS") in accordance with ASC 260, "Earnings per Share." Basic EPS is computed by dividing net income applicable to common stock by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period, excluding net income attributable to participating securities (unvested restricted stock awards). Diluted EPS reflects the additional dilution for all potentially-dilutive securities such as stock options, unvested restricted shares and unvested performance-based restricted shares. In accordance with ASC 260 "Earnings per Share," the Company includes all performance-based restricted shares that would have vested based upon the Company’s performance at quarter-end in the calculation of diluted EPS. Diluted EPS for the Company's common stock is computed using the more dilutive of the two-class method or the treasury stock method.

The following table reconciles the weighted-average common shares outstanding used in the calculation of basic EPS to the weighted-average common shares outstanding used in the calculation of diluted EPS for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015
        
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
(in thousands)
Determination of shares:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Weighted-average common shares outstanding
205,826

 
114,540

 
168,955

 
114,182

Assumed conversion of dilutive employee stock-based awards
1,293

 
3,696

 
1,983

 
4,112

Assumed conversion of restricted stock
185

 
150

 
158

 
178

Assumed conversion of performance-based restricted stock awards
572

 
377

 
453

 
420

Diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding
207,876

 
118,763

 
171,549

 
118,892

 





14


The following table presents the calculation of basic and diluted EPS for the Company’s common stock for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015
        
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
(in thousands, except per share data)
Calculation of basic EPS:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Net income
$
89,600

 
$
33,229

 
$
195,613

 
$
98,349

Less: Net income allocated to participating securities
(184
)
 
(135
)
 
(489
)
 
(399
)
Net income attributable to common shareholders
$
89,416

 
$
33,094

 
$
195,124

 
$
97,950

Weighted-average common shares outstanding
205,826

 
114,540

 
168,955

 
114,182

Basic EPS
$
0.43

 
$
0.29

 
$
1.15

 
$
0.86

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Calculation of diluted EPS:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Net income
$
89,600

 
$
33,229

 
$
195,613

 
$
98,349

Diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding
207,876

 
118,763

 
171,549

 
118,892

Diluted EPS
$
0.43

 
$
0.28

 
$
1.14

 
$
0.83


There were 10,846 and 23,954 outstanding stock compensation awards during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 , respectively, that were not included in the computation of diluted EPS because they were antidilutive. There were 24,783 and 13,877 outstanding stock compensation awards during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 , respectively, that were not included in the computation of diluted EPS because they were antidilutive.

Stock-Based Compensation
 
The Company accounts for stock compensation under ASC 718, "Compensation - Stock Compensation," which requires the Company to expense the cost of employee services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments based on the grant-date fair value of the award. This expense is recognized ratably over the requisite service period following the date of grant. The fair value for stock options is estimated at the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. The fair value of the Company's time-based restricted stock awards is equivalent to the closing stock price on the day of grant. The Company utilizes a third party valuation firm to measure the fair value of performance-based restricted stock awards at grant date using the Monte Carlo model.
 
Additionally, the cash-settled phantom stock units ("PSU") entitle employees to receive cash based on the fair value of the Company’s common stock on the vesting date. These PSUs are accounted for as liability awards and are re-measured at fair value each reporting period until they become vested with compensation expense being recognized over the requisite service period in accordance with ASC 718-30, "Compensation-Stock Compensation, Awards Classified as Liabilities."
 
In connection with the Spin-Off, each outstanding option with respect to Penn common stock outstanding on the distribution date was converted into two awards, an adjusted Penn option and a GLPI option. The adjustment preserved the aggregate intrinsic value of the options. Additionally, in connection with the Spin-Off, holders of outstanding restricted stock and PSUs with respect to Penn common stock became entitled to an additional share of restricted stock or PSU with respect to GLPI common stock for each share of Penn restricted stock or PSU held.

The adjusted options, as well as the restricted stock awards and PSUs, otherwise remain subject to their original terms, except that for purposes of the adjusted Penn awards (including in determining exercisability and the post-termination exercise period), continued service with GLPI following the distribution date shall be deemed continued service with Penn; and for purposes of the GLPI awards (including in determining exercisability and the post-termination exercise period), continued service with Penn following the distribution date shall be deemed continued service with GLPI.

The unrecognized compensation relating to both Penn and GLPI’s stock options, restricted stock awards, performance-based restricted stock awards and PSUs held by GLPI employees is amortized to expense over the awards’ remaining vesting periods.

As of September 30, 2016 , there was no remaining unrecognized compensation cost for stock options. The Company recognized no compensation expense associated with these awards for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and

15


recognized $20 thousand of compensation expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 , compared to $0.7 million and $2.1 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 , respectively. In addition, the Company also recognized $0.3 million and $4.5 million of compensation expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 , respectively, relating to each of the 2016 first and second quarter $0.56 per share dividends and third quarter $0.60 per share dividends paid on vested employee stock options. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 , the Company recognized $2.9 million and $8.7 million , respectively, of compensation expense, relating to each of the 2015 first, second, and third quarter $0.55 per share dividends paid on vested employee stock options.
 
As of September 30, 2016 , there was $7.7 million of total unrecognized compensation cost for restricted stock awards that will be recognized over the grants' remaining weighted average vesting period of 1.50 years . For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 , the Company recognized $1.9 million and $5.6 million , respectively, of compensation expense associated with these awards, compared to $1.5 million and $4.4 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 , respectively.

The following table contains information on restricted stock award activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 :
 
Number of Award
Shares
Outstanding at December 31, 2015
463,764

Granted
168,966

Released
(204,429
)
Canceled
(4,713
)
Outstanding at September 30, 2016
423,588

 
Performance-based restricted stock awards have a three year cliff vesting with the amount of restricted shares vesting at the end of the three -year period determined based upon the Company’s performance as measured against its peers.  More specifically, the percentage of shares vesting at the end of the measurement period will be based on the Company’s three -year total shareholder return measured against the three -year return of the MSCI US REIT index.  As of September 30, 2016 , there was $12.4 million of total unrecognized compensation cost, which will be recognized over the performance-based restricted stock awards' remaining weighted average vesting period of 1.75 years .  For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 , the Company recognized $2.8 million and $8.2 million , respectively, of compensation expense associated with these awards, compared to $2.0 million and $6.2 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 , respectively.

The following table contains information on performance-based restricted stock award activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 :
 
Number of  Performance-Based Award Shares
Outstanding at December 31, 2015
1,091,556

Granted
558,000

Released

Canceled

Outstanding at September 30, 2016
1,649,556


As of September 30, 2016 , there was $0.4 million of total unrecognized compensation cost for Penn and GLPI PSUs held by GLPI employees that will be cash-settled by GLPI, which will be recognized over the awards' remaining weighted average vesting period of 0.34 years . For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 , the Company recognized $0.3 million and $1.0 million , respectively of compensation expense associated with these awards, compared to $0.2 million and $3.1 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 , respectively. In addition, the Company also recognized $19 thousand and $54 thousand , respectively, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 , relating to the 2016 first and second quarter $0.56 per share dividends and third quarter $0.60 per share dividends paid on unvested PSUs. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 , the Company recognized $63 thousand and $0.2 million , respectively, relating to the 2015 first, second, and third quarter $0.55 per share dividends paid on unvested PSUs.
 
Upon the Company's declaration of a special dividend to its shareholders to distribute any accumulated earnings and profits relating to the real property assets and attributable to any pre-REIT years, including any earnings and profits allocated to

16


GLPI in connection with the Spin-Off, in order to comply with certain REIT qualification requirements (the "Purging Distribution"), GLPI options were adjusted in a manner that preserved both the pre-distribution intrinsic value of the options and the pre-distribution ratio of the stock price to exercise price that existed immediately before the Purging Distribution. Additionally, upon declaration of the Purging Distribution, holders of GLPI PSUs were credited with the special dividend, which will accrue and be paid, if applicable, on the vesting date of the related PSU. Holders of GLPI restricted stock were entitled to receive the special dividend with respect to such restricted stock on the same date or dates that the special dividend was payable on GLPI common stock to shareholders of GLPI generally.
 
5.               Acquisitions

On September 9, 2016, the Company acquired the real property assets of the Meadows from CCR for approximately $327.8 million . Concurrent with the Company's purchase of the Meadows' real estate assets, Pinnacle purchased the entities holding the Meadows gaming and racing licenses and operating assets from CCR. GLPI leases the Meadows real property assets to Pinnacle under a triple-net lease separate from the Pinnacle Master Lease with an initial term of 10 years with no purchase option and the option to renew for three successive 5 -year terms and one 4 -year term, at Pinnacle's option.

On April 28, 2016, the Company acquired substantially all of the real estate assets of Pinnacle, adding 14 properties to its real estate portfolio. The acquisition of Pinnacle's real estate assets was the final step in a series of transactions contemplated by the July 20, 2015 merger agreement between GLPI, Gold Merger Sub, LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of GLPI ("Merger Sub"), and Pinnacle providing for the merger of Pinnacle with and into Merger Sub, with Merger Sub surviving the merger as a wholly owned subsidiary of GLPI (the "Merger"). Following the Merger, GLPI contributed all of the equity interests of Gold Merger Sub to GLP Capital, L.P., a Pennsylvania limited partnership and a wholly owned subsidiary of GLPI (“GLP Capital”). At September 30, 2016 , GLPI owns all of Pinnacle’s real property assets, other than Pinnacle’s Belterra Park property and excess land at certain locations. Approval of the Merger by GLPI shareholders and Pinnacle stockholders was obtained at separate special meetings held on March 15, 2016.

In order to effect the acquisition of Pinnacle’s real property assets (other than the Belterra Park property and excess land at certain locations), prior to the Merger, Pinnacle caused certain assets relating to its operating business to be transferred to, and liabilities relating thereto to be assumed by a newly formed wholly owned subsidiary of Pinnacle ("OpCo"). Immediately following the separation of its real property assets and gaming and other operating assets, Pinnacle distributed to its stockholders all of the issued and outstanding shares of common stock of OpCo. As described above, on April 28, 2016, Pinnacle merged with and into Merger Sub, as described in more detail in the joint proxy statement/prospectus filed with a Registration Statement on Form S-4 (No. 333-206649) initially filed by GLPI with the SEC on December 23, 2015 and declared effective on February 16, 2016 (the "Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus"), completing the Merger. Merger Sub, as the surviving company in the Merger, owns substantially all of Pinnacle’s real estate assets that were retained or transferred to Pinnacle in the separation and leases those assets back to Pinnacle pursuant to the triple-net 35 -year (including extension renewals) Pinnacle Master Lease. A wholly-owned subsidiary of Pinnacle operates the leased gaming facilities as a tenant under the Pinnacle Master Lease Agreement.
At the effective time of the Merger, each share of Pinnacle common stock issued and outstanding immediately prior to the effective time of the Merger was converted into 0.85 of a share of GLPI common stock, with cash paid in lieu of the issuance of fractional shares of GLPI common stock. Shares of GLPI common stock were also issued to satisfy GLPI's portion of the outstanding Pinnacle employee equity and cash-based incentive awards outstanding at the closing date. Approximately 56 million shares of GLPI common stock were issued as consideration in the Merger. Additionally, GLPI repaid $2.7 billion of Pinnacle's debt and paid $226.8 million of Pinnacle's transaction expenses related to the Merger. The acquisition of the Pinnacle real estate assets is accounted for as an asset acquisition under ASC 805 - Business Combinations. Under asset acquisition accounting, transaction costs incurred to acquire the purchased assets are also included as part of the asset cost. Inclusive of $28.3 million of the Company's own transaction expenses, the purchase price of the Pinnacle real estate assets was $4.779 billion . The Pinnacle Merger contributed approximately $88.1 million and $149.9 million , respectively, to the Company's net revenues for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and resulted in approximately $13.5 million and $23.3 million , respectively, of additional operating expenses for the same periods. Pinnacle is a publicly traded company that is subject to the informational filing requirements of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and is required to file periodic reports on Form 10-K, Form 10-Q and Form 8-K with the SEC. Readers are directed to Pinnacle's website for further financial information on Pinnacle.
Purchase price allocations are primarily based on provisional fair values and are subject to revision as the Company finalizes the inclusion of transaction costs contained in the purchase price, specifically taxes the Company has agreed to pay on Pinnacle's behalf related to its spin-off. Final determination of the Company's transaction expenses may result in further adjustments to the values presented below. The following tables summarize the consideration transferred in the Merger and the

17


purchase price allocation to the assets acquired in the Merger (in thousands):
Consideration
 
Cash
$
2,954,493

GLPI common stock
1,823,991

  Accrual for unpaid invoices at September 30, 2016
597

Fair value of total consideration transferred
$
4,779,081

Real estate investments, net
$
1,422,547

Land rights, net
596,920

Investment in direct financing lease, net
2,759,244

Prepaid expenses
111

Other assets
259

Total purchase price
$
4,779,081

As detailed above, the Company paid $3.0 billion in cash for the acquired Pinnacle real estate assets. In addition, as part of the consideration paid for the Pinnacle real estate assets acquired in the Merger, the Company issued shares of its common stock to Pinnacle stockholders and to Pinnacle to satisfy the Company's portion of Pinnacle's employee equity and cash-based incentive awards. The dollar value of the issued shares was $1.824 billion and is considered purchase price.

The real estate investments, net represent the land purchased from Pinnacle, while the land rights, net represent the Company's rights to land subject to long-term ground leases. The Company assumed ground leases at several of the acquired Pinnacle properties and immediately subleased the land back to Pinnacle. The investment in direct financing lease, net is the Company's investment in the buildings and building improvements purchased from Pinnacle. As detailed in Note 9, the Pinnacle Master Lease was bifurcated between an operating lease and direct financing lease. The accounting treatment for the buildings purchased under a direct financing lease required the Company to record its initial investment in the buildings as a receivable on its Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet, which is subsequently reduced over the lease term to its estimated residual value. The purchase price allocated to prepaid expenses and other assets represents the current and long-term portions of a director and officer liability insurance policy purchased from Pinnacle.

6.               Real Estate Investments
 
Real estate investments, net, represents investments in 34 rental properties and the corporate headquarters building and is summarized as follows:
 
 
September 30,
2016
 
December 31,
2015
 
(in thousands)
Land and improvements
$
2,062,216

 
$
453,739

Building and improvements
2,438,522

 
2,297,128

Construction in progress
8

 

Total real estate investments
4,500,746

 
2,750,867

Less accumulated depreciation
(731,972
)
 
(660,808
)
Real estate investments, net
$
3,768,774

 
$
2,090,059


The increase in land and improvements is related to the Company's April 28, 2016 acquisition of substantially all of Pinnacle's real estate assets and to a lesser extent the Company's September 9, 2016 acquisition of the Meadows real estate assets. The Meadows acquisition also contributed to the increase in building and improvements. As described in Note 9, however, the Company's acquisition of Pinnacle's building assets is recorded as an investment in direct financing lease.






18


7. Land Rights

Land rights, net represents the Company's rights to land subject to long-term ground leases. The Company assumed ground leases at several of the acquired Pinnacle properties and immediately subleased the land back to Pinnacle. The ground leases are amortized over the individual lease term of each ground lease, including all renewal options, which ranged from 33 years to 92 years at the Merger date. Land rights net, consists of the following:

 
September 30,
2016
 
December 31,
2015
 
(in thousands)
Land rights
$
596,921

 
$

Less accumulated amortization
(3,852
)
 

Land rights, net
$
593,069

 
$


Amortization expense related to the ground leases is recorded within general and administrative expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of income and totaled $2.3 million and $3.9 million , respectively, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 .

As of September 30, 2016 , estimated future amortization expense related to the Company’s ground leases by fiscal year is as follows (in thousands):

Year ending December 31,
 
2016
$
2,311

2017
9,244

2018
9,244

2019
9,244

2020
9,244

Thereafter
553,782

Total
$
593,069

Details of the significant ground leases are as follows. The Company leases land at the Belterra Casino Resort under two ground leases, each with an initial term of 5 years and nine automatic renewals of 5 years each. The renewal options extend the leases through 2049 and are not terminable by the Company. The lease includes a base portion which is adjusted at each renewal based upon the CPI and a variable portion which is adjusted annually based upon 1.5% of gross gaming wins in excess of $100 million .

The Company leases land at the Ameristar East Chicago property under a ground lease with an initial term of 30 years and two optional renewals of 30 years each. The lease extends through 2086 with all renewals. Rent under the lease is adjusted every 3 years based upon the CPI and does not include a variable portion.

The Company leases land at the River City Hotel and Casino under a ground lease with a term of 99 years that extends through 2108. The lease includes a base portion which is fixed and a variable portion which is adjusted annually based upon 2.5% of the annual gross receipts of the property less fixed rent payments made in the same year.

The Company leases land at the L'Auberge Lakes Charles property under a ground lease with an initial term of 10 years and six optional renewals of 10 years each. The lease extends through 2075 with all renewals. Rent under the lease is adjusted annually based upon the CPI and does not include a variable portion.











19


8.               Property and Equipment Used in Operations
 
Property and equipment used in operations, net, consists of the following and primarily represents the assets utilized in the TRS Properties: 
 
September 30,
2016
 
December 31,
2015
 
(in thousands)
Land and improvements
$
30,920

 
$
31,187

Building and improvements
117,146

 
117,314

Furniture, fixtures, and equipment
113,987

 
112,227

Construction in progress
320

 
354

Total property and equipment
262,373

 
261,082

Less accumulated depreciation
(140,991
)
 
(131,335
)
Property and equipment, net
$
121,382

 
$
129,747


9. Receivables

Investment in Direct Financing Lease, Net

Under ASC 840 - Leases ("ASC 840"), the Pinnacle Master Lease is bifurcated between an operating lease and a direct financing lease. The fair value assigned to the land (inclusive of the land rights) qualifies for operating lease treatment, while the fair value assigned to the buildings is classified as a direct financing lease. Under ASC 840, the accounting treatment for direct financing leases requires the Company to record an investment in direct financing leases on its books at lease inception and subsequently recognize interest income and a reduction in the investment for the building portion of rent. This initial net investment is determined by aggregating the total future minimum lease payments attributable to the direct financing lease and the estimated residual value of the property, less unearned income. The interest income recorded under the direct financing lease is included in income from direct financing lease in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income and is recognized over the 35 -year lease term using the effective interest rate method which produces a constant periodic rate of return on the net investment in the leased property. Furthermore, as the net investment in direct financing lease includes only future minimum lease payments, rent that is not fixed and determinable at the lease inception is excluded from the determination of the rent attributable to the leased assets and will therefore be recorded as income from direct financing lease in the period earned. The unguaranteed residual value is the Company's estimate of what it could realize upon the sale of the property at the end of the lease term.

The net investment in the direct financing lease is evaluated for impairment on an annual basis and as necessary, if indicators of impairment are present, to determine if there has been an-other-than-temporary decline in the residual value of the property or a change in the lessee's credit worthiness. At September 30, 2016 , there were no indicators of a decline in the estimated residual value of the property and collectability of the remaining receivable balance is reasonably assured. The receivable balance is recorded at carrying value which approximates fair value.

The Company's investment in direct financing lease, net, consists of the following and represents the building assets acquired in the Merger:
 
September 30,
2016
 
December 31,
2015
 
(in thousands)
Minimum lease payments receivable
$
3,440,859

 
$

Unguaranteed residual value
689,811

 

Gross investment in direct financing lease
4,130,670

 

Less: unearned income
(1,401,954
)
 

Investment in direct financing lease, net
$
2,728,716

 
$


Loan Receivable

In January 2014, the Company completed the asset acquisition of the real property associated with the Casino Queen in East St. Louis, Illinois for $140.7 million .  Simultaneously with the acquisition, GLPI also provided Casino Queen with a $43.0 million , five year term loan at 7% interest, pre-payable at any time, which, together with the sale proceeds, completely

20


refinanced and retired all of Casino Queen’s outstanding long-term debt obligations. Since March 31, 2015, Casino Queen has been obligated to make mandatory principal payments on the loan on the last day of each calendar year quarter equal to 1.25% of the original loan balance. As of September 30, 2016 , these mandatory principal payments, as well as additional principal payments, have reduced the balance of this loan to $26.7 million . The collectability of the remaining loan balance is reasonably assured, and as of September 30, 2016 , the obligor has made all mandatory principal and interest payments in full and on time and paid down additional principal toward the loan balance. The loan balance is recorded at carrying value which approximates fair value. Interest income related to the loan is recorded in interest income within the Company's condensed consolidated statements of income in the period earned. GLPI leases the property back to Casino Queen on a triple-net basis on terms similar to those in the Master Leases and after giving effect to the rent escalator expects to receive approximately $14.2 million in annual rent during the year ended December 31, 2016 . The lease has an initial term of 15 years , and the tenant has an option to renew it at the same terms and conditions for four successive five -year periods.  Subsequent to September 30, 2016, the Company committed to provide an unsecured loan of up to $13 million to an affiliate of Casino Queen to finance their acquisition of Lady Luck Casino in Marquette, Iowa. When the new unsecured loan is funded, Casino Queen will repay in full the five year term loan discussed above.

10.               Long-term Debt
 
Long-term debt is as follows: 
 
September 30,
2016
 
December 31,
2015
 
(in thousands)
Unsecured term loan A
$
300,000

 
$
300,000

Unsecured term loan A-1
825,000

 

Unsecured $700 million revolver
165,000

 
190,000

$550 million 4.375% senior unsecured notes due November 2018
550,000

 
550,000

$1,000 million 4.875% senior unsecured notes due November 2020
1,000,000

 
1,000,000

$400 million 4.375% senior unsecured notes due April 2021
400,000

 

$500 million 5.375% senior unsecured notes due November 2023
500,000

 
500,000

$975 million 5.375% senior unsecured notes due April 2026
975,000

 

Capital lease
1,313

 
1,389

Total long-term debt
4,716,313

 
2,541,389

Less: unamortized debt issuance costs
(54,630
)
 
(31,048
)
Total long-term debt, net of unamortized debt issuance costs
4,661,683

 
2,510,341

Less current maturities of long-term debt
(106
)
 
(102
)
Long-term debt, net of current maturities
$
4,661,577

 
$
2,510,239

 
The following is a schedule of future minimum repayments of long-term debt as of September 30, 2016 (in thousands): 
Within one year
$
106

2-3 years
1,015,228

4-5 years
2,225,251

Over 5 years
1,475,728

Total minimum payments
$
4,716,313

 
Senior Unsecured Credit Facility

The Company has a $1,825.0 million senior unsecured credit facility (the "Credit Facility"), consisting of a $700.0 million revolving credit facility, a $300.0 million Term Loan A facility, and an $825.0 million Term Loan A-1 facility. The revolving credit facility and the Term Loan A facility mature on October 28, 2018 and the Term Loan A-1 facility matures on April 28, 2021.

At September 30, 2016 , the Credit Facility had a gross outstanding balance of $1,290.0 million , consisting of the $1,125.0 million Term Loan A and A-1 facilities and $165.0 million of borrowings under the revolving credit facility. Additionally, at September 30, 2016 , the Company was contingently obligated under letters of credit issued pursuant to the

21


senior unsecured credit facility with face amounts aggregating approximately $0.9 million , resulting in $534.1 million of available borrowing capacity under the revolving credit facility as of September 30, 2016 .

The Credit Facility contains customary covenants that, among other things, restrict, subject to certain exceptions, the ability of GLPI and its subsidiaries to grant liens on their assets, incur indebtedness, sell assets, make investments, engage in acquisitions, mergers or consolidations or pay certain dividends and other restricted payments. The Credit Facility contains the following financial covenants, which are measured quarterly on a trailing four-quarter basis: a maximum total debt to total asset value ratio, a maximum senior secured debt to total asset value ratio, a maximum ratio of certain recourse debt to unencumbered asset value and a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio. In addition, GLPI is required to maintain a minimum tangible net worth and its status as a REIT on and after the effective date of its election to be treated as a REIT, which the Company elected on its 2014 U.S. federal income tax return. GLPI is permitted to pay dividends to its shareholders as may be required in order to maintain REIT status, subject to the absence of payment or bankruptcy defaults. GLPI is also permitted to make other dividends and distributions subject to pro forma compliance with the financial covenants and the absence of defaults. The Credit Facility also contains certain customary affirmative covenants and events of default, including the occurrence of a change of control and termination of the Penn Master Lease (subject to certain replacement rights). The occurrence and continuance of an event of default under the Credit Facility will enable the lenders under the Credit Facility to accelerate the loans and terminate the commitments thereunder. At September 30, 2016 , the Company was in compliance with all required financial covenants under the Credit Facility.

Senior Unsecured Notes

On April 28, 2016, in connection with the Merger, the Company issued $400 million of 4.375% senior unsecured notes maturing on April 15, 2021 (the "2021 Notes") and $975 million of 5.375% senior unsecured notes maturing on April 15, 2026 (the "2026 Notes"). Interest on the 2021 Notes and 2026 Notes is payable semi-annually on April 15 and October 15 of each year, commencing on October 15, 2016. The net proceeds from the sale of the 2021 Notes and 2026 Notes were used (i) to finance the repayment, redemption and/or discharge of certain Pinnacle debt obligations that the Company assumed in the Merger, (ii) to pay transaction-related fees and expenses related to the Merger and (iii) for general corporate purposes, which may include the acquisition, development and improvement of properties, capital expenditures, the repayment of borrowings under our revolving credit facility and other general business purposes.
 
Each of the 4.375% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2018 (the "2018 Notes"), 4.875% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2020 (the "2020 Notes"), and 5.375% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2023 (the "2023 Notes," and collectively with the 2018 Notes 2020 Notes, 2021 Notes and 2026 Notes, the "Notes") contain covenants limiting the Company’s ability to: incur additional debt and use its assets to secure debt; merge or consolidate with another company; and make certain amendments to the Penn Master Lease. The Notes also require the Company to maintain a specified ratio of unencumbered assets to unsecured debt. These covenants are subject to a number of important and significant limitations, qualifications and exceptions.
 
At September 30, 2016 , the Company was in compliance with all required financial covenants under the Notes.

Capital Lease

The Company assumed the capital lease obligation related to certain assets at its Aurora, Illinois property. GLPI recorded the asset and liability associated with the capital lease on its balance sheet. The original term of the capital lease was 30 years and it will terminate in 2026.

Bridge Facility
Also in connection with the Merger, the Company entered into an amended and restated commitment letter dated July 31, 2015 (the "GLPI Commitment Letter") with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., Bank of America, N.A., Fifth Third Bank, Manufacturers and Traders Trust Company, Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, UBS AG, Stamford Branch, Credit Agricole Corporate and Investment Bank, Suntrust Bank, Nomura Securities International, Inc., Citizens Bank, National Association, Barclays and certain of their affiliates (collectively, the "GLPI Commitment Parties") to provide debt financing in connection with the transaction. Pursuant to the GLPI Commitment Letter, the GLPI Commitment Parties committed to provide a $1.875 billion senior unsecured 364 - day term loan bridge facility (the "GLPI Bridge Facility"). The Company did not utilize the GLPI Bridge Facility to finance the Pinnacle transaction, as the Company raised the proceeds which, together with an incremental term loan under the Company's Credit Facility, were necessary to finance the Merger through a combination of debt and equity offerings. The GLPI Bridge Facility expired on July 30, 2016 unused.



22


11.               Commitments and Contingencies
 
Separation and Distribution Agreement

Pursuant to a Separation and Distribution Agreement between Penn and GLPI, any liability arising from or relating to legal proceedings involving the businesses and operations of Penn’s real property holdings prior to the Spin-Off (other than any liability arising from or relating to legal proceedings where the dispute arises from the operation or ownership of the TRS Properties) will be retained by Penn, and Penn will indemnify GLPI (and its subsidiaries, directors, officers, employees and agents and certain other related parties) against any losses it may incur arising from or relating to such legal proceedings. There can be no assurance that Penn will be able to fully satisfy its indemnification obligations. Moreover, even if we ultimately succeed in recovering from Penn any amounts for which we are liable, we may be temporarily required to bear those losses.

Litigation

The Company is subject to various legal and administrative proceedings relating to personal injuries, employment matters, commercial transactions, and other matters arising in the normal course of business. The Company does not believe that the final outcome of these matters will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial position or results of operations. In addition, the Company maintains what it believes is adequate insurance coverage to further mitigate the risks of such proceedings. However, such proceedings can be costly, time consuming, and unpredictable and, therefore, no assurance can be given that the final outcome of such proceedings may not materially impact the Company’s financial condition or results of operations. Further, no assurance can be given that the amount or scope of existing insurance coverage will be sufficient to cover losses arising from such matters. 

Operating Lease Commitments

In addition to the Company's obligations under operating leases assigned to the Company at the time of the Spin-Off and its other obligations under operating leases for equipment and other miscellaneous assets, the Company records rental expense for the ground rent paid by its tenants. During April 2016, the Company acquired the real estate assets of Pinnacle, including the rights to land subject to long-term ground leases. The Company assumed ground leases at several of the acquired Pinnacle properties and immediately subleased the land back to Pinnacle, who is responsible for payment directly to the landlord. The Company records revenue for the ground lease rent paid by its tenants with an offsetting expense in general and administrative expense within the condensed consolidated statement of income as the Company has concluded that as the lessee it is the primary obligor under the ground leases. The portion of the ground lease rent that is fixed and determinable is included in the schedule below as a future commitment, while the portion of the ground lease rent that is variable is excluded from future commitments as the amounts are not fixed and determinable at September 30, 2016 and therefore considered contingent rent. For those ground leases with optional renewal terms extending beyond the 35 -year lease term of the Pinnacle Master Lease, the Company has included only the renewals that align most closely to the 2051 termination date of the Pinnacle Master Lease in the schedule below, as it cannot be reasonably assured it will renew ground leases for land subleased to Pinnacle beyond the term of the Pinnacle Master Lease.

The future minimum lease commitments relating to noncancelable operating leases at September 30, 2016 are as follows (in thousands):
Year ending December 31,
 
2016
$
2,178

2017
8,655

2018
8,633

2019
8,181

2020
7,543

Thereafter
490,485

Total
$
525,675


Total rent expense for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 was $3.4 million and $1.5 million , respectively. Total rent expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 was $7.6 million and $4.0 million , respectively. This includes rent expense under the leases assigned to the Company at Spin-Off, leases for equipment and miscellaneous assets and the fixed and variable rent under the ground leases discussed above.

23


12.               Stockholders' Equity

Common Stock

On August 9, 2016, the Company commenced a continuous equity offering under which the Company may sell up to an aggregate of $400 million of its common stock from time to time through a sales agent in “at the market” offerings (the “ATM Program”). Actual sales will depend on a variety of factors, including market conditions, the trading price of the Company's common stock and determinations of the appropriate sources of funding for proposed transactions. The Company may sell the shares in amounts and at times to be determined by the Company, but has no obligation to sell any of the shares in the ATM Program. The ATM Program also allows the Company to enter into forward sale agreements. In no event will the aggregate number of shares sold under the ATM Program (whether under any forward sale agreement or through a sales agent), have an aggregate sales price in excess of $400 million . The Company expects, that if it enters into a forward sale contract, to physically settle each forward sale agreement with the forward purchaser on one or more dates specified by the Company prior to the maturity date of that particular forward sale agreement, in which case the aggregate net cash proceeds at settlement will equal the number of shares underlying the particular forward sale agreement multiplied by the relevant forward sale price. However, the Company may also elect to cash settle or net share settle a particular forward sale agreement, in which case proceeds may or may not be received or cash may be owed to the forward purchaser.

In connection with the ATM Program, the Company engaged a sales agent who may receive compensation of up to 2% of the gross sales price of the shares sold. Similarly, in the event the Company enters into a forward sale agreement, it will pay the relevant forward seller a commission of up to 2% of the sales price of all borrowed shares of common stock sold during the applicable selling period of the forward sale agreement.
Through September 30, 2016 , GLPI sold 1,321,999 shares of its common stock at an average price of $35.00 per share under the ATM Program, which generated gross proceeds of approximately $46.3 million (net proceeds of approximately $45.7 million ). The Company used the net proceeds from the ATM Program to partially fund its acquisition of the Meadows real estate assets. As of September 30, 2016 , the Company had $353.7 million remaining for issuance under the ATM Program and had not entered into any forward sale agreements.

On April 6, 2016, the Company closed a public offering of 28,750,000 shares of its common stock, at a public offering price of $30.00 per share, before underwriting discount, which included 3,750,000 shares of common stock issued in connection with the exercise in full of the underwriters’ option to purchase additional shares.

The Company received approximately $825.2 million in net proceeds from the offering and used the net proceeds from the offering to partially fund its acquisition of substantially all of the real estate assets of Pinnacle, including the repayment, redemption and/or discharge of a portion of certain debt of Pinnacle assumed by the Company in connection with the Merger and the payment of transaction-related fees and expenses.

Additionally, on April 28, 2016, in connection with the Merger, the Company issued approximately 56 million shares of its common stock to Pinnacle stockholders and to Pinnacle to satisfy the Company's portion of Pinnacle's employee equity and cash-based incentive awards as consideration for the Pinnacle real estate assets.



















24


Dividends

The following table lists the dividends declared and paid by the Company during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 :
Declaration Date
 
Shareholder Record Date
 
Securities Class
 
Dividend Per Share
 
Period Covered
 
Distribution Date
 
Dividend Amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(in thousands)
2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
January 29, 2016
 
February 22, 2016
 
Common Stock
 
$
0.56

 
First Quarter 2016
 
March 25, 2016
 
$
65,345

April 25, 2016
 
June 2, 2016
 
Common Stock
 
$
0.56

 
Second Quarter 2016
 
June 17, 2016
 
$
113,212

August 3, 2016
 
September 12, 2016
 
Common Stock
 
$
0.60

 
Third Quarter 2016
 
September 23, 2016
 
$
124,262

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
February 3, 2015
 
March 10, 2015
 
Common Stock
 
$
0.545

 
First Quarter 2015
 
March 27, 2015
 
$
62,072

May 1, 2015
 
June 11, 2015
 
Common Stock
 
$
0.545

 
Second Quarter 2015
 
June 26, 2015
 
$
62,348

July 30, 2015
 
September 14, 2015
 
Common Stock
 
$
0.545

 
Third Quarter 2015
 
September 25, 2015
 
$
62,456


In addition for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 , dividend payments were made to or accrued for GLPI restricted stock award holders and for both GLPI and Penn unvested employee stock options in the amount of $0.2 million and $0.8 million , respectively, as compared to $0.5 million and $1.6 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 , respectively.

13.        Segment Information

Consistent with how the Company’s Chief Operating Decision Maker reviews and assesses the Company’s financial performance, the Company has two reportable segments, GLP Capital, L.P. (a wholly-owned subsidiary of GLPI through which GLPI owns substantially all of its assets) ("GLP Capital") and the TRS Properties. The GLP Capital reportable segment consists of the leased real property and represents the majority of the Company’s business. The TRS Properties reportable segment consists of Hollywood Casino Perryville and Hollywood Casino Baton Rouge.

The following tables present certain information with respect to the Company’s segments.
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2016
 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2015
(in thousands)
 
GLP Capital
 
TRS Properties
 
Eliminations  (1)
 
Total
 
GLP Capital
 
TRS Properties
 
Eliminations  (1)
 
Total
Net revenues
 
$
199,257

 
$
34,018

 
$

 
$
233,275

 
$
111,532

 
$
36,260

 
$

 
$
147,792

Income from operations
 
138,270

 
5,036

 

 
143,306

 
59,896

 
5,395

 

 
65,291

Interest, net
 
52,400

 
2,600

 
(2,601
)
 
52,399

 
30,646

 
2,600

 
(2,601
)
 
30,645

Income before income taxes
 
88,471

 
2,436

 

 
90,907

 
31,851

 
2,795

 

 
34,646

Income tax expense
 
210

 
1,097

 

 
1,307

 
225

 
1,192

 

 
1,417

Net income
 
88,261

 
1,339

 

 
89,600

 
31,626

 
1,603

 

 
33,229

Depreciation
 
24,328

 
2,837

 

 
27,165

 
24,337

 
3,220

 

 
27,557

Capital project expenditures, net of reimbursements
 
54

 

 

 
54

 
2,949

 

 

 
2,949

Capital maintenance expenditures
 

 
496

 

 
496

 

 
382

 

 
382


25


 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016
 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2015
(in thousands)
 
GLP Capital
 
TRS Properties
 
Eliminations  (1)
 
Total
 
GLP Capital 
 
TRS Properties
 
Eliminations  (1)
 
Total
Net revenues
 
$
481,704

 
$
107,752

 
$

 
$
589,456

 
$
333,668

 
$
112,696

 
$

 
$
446,364

Income from operations
 
312,586

 
19,174

 

 
331,760

 
173,809

 
19,153

 

 
192,962

Interest, net
 
130,568

 
7,801

 
(7,804
)
 
130,565

 
88,615

 
7,801

 
(7,804
)
 
88,612

Income before income taxes
 
189,822

 
11,373

 

 
201,195

 
92,998

 
11,352

 

 
104,350

Income tax expense
 
806

 
4,776

 

 
5,582

 
1,221

 
4,780

 

 
6,001

Net income
 
189,016

 
6,597

 

 
195,613

 
91,777

 
6,572

 

 
98,349

Depreciation
 
72,737

 
8,530

 

 
81,267

 
73,123

 
9,462

 

 
82,585

Capital project expenditures, net of reimbursements
 
222

 
101

 

 
323

 
7,802

 
5,897

 

 
13,699

Capital maintenance expenditures
 

 
1,693

 

 
1,693

 

 
2,108

 

 
2,108

 

(in thousands)
 
GLP Capital
 
TRS Properties
 
Eliminations
 
Total
Balance sheet at September 30, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets
 
$
7,211,477

 
$
209,843

 
$

 
$
7,421,320

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance sheet at December 31, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets
 
$
2,223,373

 
$
224,782

 
$

 
$
2,448,155


(1)               Amounts in the "Eliminations" column represent the elimination of intercompany interest payments from the Company’s TRS Properties business segment to its GLP Capital business segment.

14.        Supplemental Disclosures of Cash Flow Information

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
(in thousands)
Cash paid for income taxes, net of refunds received
$
1,608

 
$
3,009

 
$
4,638

 
$
7,434

Cash paid for interest
6,201

 
2,491

 
64,502

 
57,557


15.        Related Party Transactions

During the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company entered into an Agreement of Sale (the "Sale Agreement") with Wyomissing Professional Center Inc. ("WPC") and acquired certain land in an office complex known as The Wyomissing Professional Center Campus, located in Wyomissing, Pennsylvania for its corporate headquarters building. Also in connection with completion of construction of its corporate headquarters building, the Company entered into an agreement (the "Construction Management Agreement") with CB Consulting Group LLC (the "Construction Manager") during the year ended December 31, 2014. Construction of the Company's corporate headquarters building was completed in October 2015 and the Company did not incur additional costs related to the building with WPC or the Construction Manager subsequent to 2015.

The Company paid approximately $153,000 and $381,000 , respectively, to WPC during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 in connection with construction costs WPC paid on the Company's behalf. Pursuant to the Construction Management Agreement, the Construction Manager, among other things, provided certain construction management services to the Company in exchange for three percent ( 3% ) of the total cost of work to complete the building construction project and certain additional costs for added services. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 , the Company paid or accrued approximately $67,000 and $154,000 to the Construction Manager.

Upon completion of the building in October 2015, the Company became responsible for the payment of monthly common area maintenance fees to the Wyomissing Professional Center Owners' Association ("WPCOA"). During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 , the Company paid approximately $8,300 and $22,100 to the WPCOA, respectively.

Peter M. Carlino, the Company’s Chairman of the Board of Directors and Chief Executive Officer, is also the sole owner of WPC and associated with the WPCOA. In addition, Mr. Carlino’s son owns a material interest in the Construction Manager.


26


16.        Supplementary Condensed Consolidating Financial Information of Parent Guarantor and Subsidiary Issuers
 
GLPI guarantees the Notes issued by its subsidiaries, GLP Capital, L.P. and GLP Financing II, Inc. Each of the subsidiary issuers is 100% owned by GLPI. The guarantees of GLPI are full and unconditional. GLPI is not subject to any material or significant restrictions on its ability to obtain funds from its subsidiaries by dividend or loan or to transfer assets from such subsidiaries, except as provided by applicable law. None of GLPI's subsidiaries guarantee the Notes.
 
Summarized balance sheets as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 , statements of income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 and statements of cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 for GLPI as the parent guarantor, for GLP Capital, L.P. and GLP Financing II, Inc. as the subsidiary issuers and the other subsidiary non-issuers is presented below.
 

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At September 30, 2016
Condensed Consolidating Balance Sheet
 
Parent 
Guarantor
 
Subsidiary 
Issuers
 
Other 
Subsidiary 
Non-Issuers
 
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
 
 
(in thousands)
Assets
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Real estate investments, net
 
$

 
$
1,886,252

 
$
1,882,522

 
$

 
$
3,768,774

Land rights, net
 

 

 
593,069

 

 
593,069

Property and equipment, used in operations, net
 

 
23,110

 
98,272

 

 
121,382

Investment in direct financing lease, net
 

 

 
2,728,716

 

 
2,728,716

Cash and cash equivalents
 

 
3,971

 
21,388

 

 
25,359

Prepaid expenses
 

 
5,114

 
3,878

 
519

 
9,511

Other current assets
 

 
39,880

 
18,103

 

 
57,983

Goodwill
 

 

 
75,521

 

 
75,521

Other intangible assets
 

 

 
9,577

 

 
9,577

Debt issuance costs, net of accumulated amortization of $9,500 at September 30, 2016
 

 

 

 

 

Loan receivable
 

 

 
26,738