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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q 
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2021
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from          to         
Commission File Number:  001-36124 
Gaming and Leisure Properties, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
Pennsylvania46-2116489
(State or other jurisdiction of(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)Identification No.)
 845 Berkshire Blvd., Suite 200
Wyomissing, PA 19610
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
 
610-401-2900
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 Not Applicable
(Former name, former address, and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $.01 per shareGLPINasdaq
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  No
 Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes  No 
 Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer", "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act: 
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer 
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes  No  
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
TitleOctober 25, 2021
Common Stock, par value $.01 per share238,351,108



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Forward-looking statements in this document are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause actual results, performance or achievements of Gaming and Leisure Properties, Inc. ("GLPI") and its subsidiaries (collectively, the "Company") to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include information concerning the Company’s business strategy, plans, goals and objectives.
 
Forward-looking statements in this document include, but are not limited to, statements regarding the extent and duration of the economic disruptions related to the novel coronavirus COVID-19 (including variants thereof, "COVID-19") global pandemic on our tenants' operations and our taxable real estate investment trust ("REIT") subsidiaries' ("TRS") operations. In addition, statements preceded by, followed by or that otherwise include the words "believes," "expects," "anticipates," "intends," "projects," "estimates," "plans," "may increase," "may fluctuate," and similar expressions or future or conditional verbs such as "will," "should," "would," "may" and "could" are generally forward-looking in nature and not historical facts. You should understand that the following important factors could affect future results and could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in such forward-looking statements:

The novel coronavirus COVID-19 ("COVID-19") had, and may continue to have, a significant impact on our tenants' financial conditions and operations. As a result of the outbreak, our casino operations and those of our tenants were forced to close temporarily at the onset of the pandemic, as federal, state and local officials undertook various steps to mitigate the spread of infections from COVID-19. Although our tenants' operations have recommenced operations to strong results and our tenants have improved their liquidity profiles, there can be no assurance whether these encouraging results will continue in future periods, particularly with the potential for continued increased transmission from new strains of COVID-19;

the impact that unemployment levels and uncertainty with respect to the future state of the economy could have on discretionary consumer spending, including on casino operations;

fluctuating interest rates, inflation, and the potential phasing out of the London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR");
the current and uncertain future impact of the COVID-19 outbreak, including its effect on the ability or desire of people to gather in large groups (including in casinos), which is expected to impact our financial results, operations, outlooks, plans, goals, growth, cash flows, liquidity, and stock price;

unforeseen consequences related to United States government stimulus packages;

the availability of and the ability to identify suitable and attractive acquisition and development opportunities and the ability to acquire and lease the respective properties on favorable terms;

the degree and nature of our competition;

the ability to receive, or delays in obtaining, the regulatory approvals required to own and/or operate our properties, or other delays or impediments to completing our planned acquisitions or projects;

our ability to maintain our status as a REIT, given the highly technical and complex Internal Revenue Code (the "Code") provisions for which only limited judicial and administrative authorities exist, where even a technical or inadvertent violation could jeopardize REIT qualification and where requirements may depend in part on the actions of third parties over which the Company has no control or only limited influence;

the satisfaction of certain asset, income, organizational, distribution, shareholder ownership and other requirements on a continuing basis in order for the Company to maintain its REIT status;

the ability and willingness of our tenants, operators and other third parties to meet and/or perform their obligations under their respective contractual arrangements with us, including lease and note requirements and in some cases, their obligations to indemnify, defend and hold us harmless from and against various claims, litigation and liabilities;

the ability of our tenants and operators to maintain the financial strength and liquidity necessary to satisfy their respective obligations and liabilities to third parties, including, without limitation, to satisfy obligations under their existing credit facilities and other indebtedness;
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the ability of our tenants and operators to comply with laws, rules and regulations in the operation of our properties, to deliver high quality services, to attract and retain qualified personnel and to attract customers;

the ability to generate sufficient cash flows to service our outstanding indebtedness;

the access to debt and equity capital markets, including for acquisitions or refinancings due to maturities;

adverse changes in our credit rating;

the impact of global or regional economic conditions;

the availability of qualified personnel and our ability to retain our key management personnel;

GLPI's obligation to indemnify Penn National Gaming, Inc. (NASDAQ: PENN) ("Penn") and its subsidiaries in certain circumstances if the spin-off transaction described in Note 1 to the condensed consolidated financial statements fails to be tax-free;

changes in the United States tax law and other state, federal or local laws, whether or not specific to real estate, REITs or the gaming, lodging or hospitality industries;

changes in accounting standards;

the impact of weather or climate events or conditions, natural disasters, acts of terrorism and other international hostilities, war or political instability;

other risks inherent in the real estate business, including potential liability relating to environmental matters and illiquidity of real estate investments; and

additional factors as discussed in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 (our "Annual Report"), in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and Current Reports on Form 8-K as filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission.
 
Certain of these factors and other factors, risks and uncertainties are discussed in the "Risk Factors" section in the Company’s Annual Report and this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Other unknown or unpredictable factors may also cause actual results to differ materially from those projected by the forward-looking statements. Most of these factors are difficult to anticipate and are generally beyond the control of the Company.
 
You should consider the areas of risk described above, as well as those set forth in the "Risk Factors" section in the Company’s Annual Report and this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, in connection with considering any forward-looking statements that may be made by the Company generally. Except for the ongoing obligations of the Company to disclose material information under the federal securities laws, the Company does not undertake any obligation to release publicly any revisions to any forward-looking statements, to report events or to report the occurrence of unanticipated events unless required to do so by law.

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GAMING AND LEISURE PROPERTIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 

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Gaming and Leisure Properties, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands, except share data)
 
September 30,
2021
December 31, 2020
(unaudited)
Assets
Real estate investments, net$7,797,734 $7,287,158 
Property and equipment, used in operations, net40,085 80,618 
Assets held for sale118,118 61,448 
Real estate of Tropicana Las Vegas, net 304,831 
Right-of-use assets and land rights, net860,538 769,197 
Cash and cash equivalents423,224 486,451 
Prepaid expenses809 2,098 
Deferred tax assets, net7,774 5,690 
Other assets36,491 36,877 
Total assets$9,284,773 $9,034,368 
Liabilities
Accounts payable$152 $375 
Accrued expenses3,030 398 
Accrued interest81,440 72,285 
Accrued salaries and wages5,115 5,849 
Gaming, property, and other taxes271 146 
Income taxes885  
Lease liabilities
186,481 152,203 
Long-term debt, net of unamortized debt issuance costs, bond premiums and original issuance discounts
5,761,997 5,754,689 
Deferred rental revenue330,517 333,061 
Deferred tax liabilities 359 
Other liabilities37,146 39,985 
Total liabilities6,407,034 6,359,350 
Commitments and Contingencies (Note 10)
Shareholders’ equity
Preferred stock ($.01 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued or outstanding at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020)
  
Common stock ($.01 par value, 500,000,000 shares authorized, 237,976,150 and 232,452,220 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively)
2,380 2,325 
Additional paid-in capital4,541,158 4,284,789 
Accumulated deficit(1,665,799)(1,612,096)
Total shareholders’ equity 2,877,739 2,675,018 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity $9,284,773 $9,034,368 
 
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
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Gaming and Leisure Properties, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income
(in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
 
        
 Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2021202020212020
Revenues    
Rental income$283,253 $267,555 $821,197 $762,711 
Interest income from real estate loans 5,574  19,130 
Total income from real estate
283,253 273,129 821,197 781,841 
Gaming, food, beverage and other15,459 34,425 96,819 71,163 
Total revenues298,712 307,554 918,016 853,004 
Operating expenses    
Gaming, food, beverage and other5,766 18,175 48,074 39,536 
Land rights and ground lease expense9,414 8,084 24,338 21,943 
General and administrative13,066 22,510 45,969 51,728 
(Gains) losses from dispositions (14,815)4 (14,722)(3)
Depreciation60,182 58,080 177,033 172,033 
Total operating expenses73,613 106,853 280,692 285,237 
Income from operations225,099 200,701 637,324 567,767 
Other income (expenses)    
Interest expense(70,432)(70,179)(211,258)(211,657)
Interest income6 22 184 491 
Losses on debt extinguishment (779) (18,113)
Total other expenses(70,426)(70,936)(211,074)(229,279)
Income before income taxes154,673 129,765 426,250 338,488 
Income tax provision5,614 2,639 11,791 2,118 
Net income$149,059 $127,126 $414,459 $336,370 
Earnings per common share:    
Basic earnings per common share$0.63 $0.58 $1.77 $1.55 
Diluted earnings per common share$0.63 $0.58 $1.77 $1.55 
 
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

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Gaming and Leisure Properties, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity
(in thousands, except share data)
(unaudited)
 
 Common StockAdditional
Paid-In
Capital
Accumulated
Deficit
Total
Shareholders’
Equity
 SharesAmount
Balance, December 31, 2020232,452,220 $2,325 $4,284,789 $(1,612,096)$2,675,018 
Issuance of common stock, net of
    ATM Program offering costs
  (95)— (95)
Restricted stock activity
329,433 3 (3,971)— (3,968)
Dividends paid ($0.65 per common share)
— — — (151,496)(151,496)
Net income
— — — 127,184 127,184 
Balance, March 31, 2021232,781,653 $2,328 $4,280,723 $(1,636,408)$2,646,643 
Issuance of common stock, net of
    ATM Program offering costs
1,498,420 15 70,308 — 70,323 
Restricted stock activity
8,736  3,612 — 3,612 
Dividends paid ($0.67 per common share)
— — — (157,063)(157,063)
Net income
— — — 138,216 138,216 
Balance, June 30, 2021234,288,809 $2,343 $4,354,643 $(1,655,255)$2,701,731 
Issuance of common stock, net of
    ATM Program offering costs
3,675,067 37 182,811 — 182,848 
Restricted stock activity
12,274  3,704 — 3,704 
Dividends paid ($0.67 per common share)
— — — (159,603)(159,603)
Net income
— — — 149,059 149,059 
Balance, September 30, 2021237,976,150 $2,380 $4,541,158 $(1,665,799)$2,877,739 
 
 Common StockAdditional
Paid-In
Capital
Accumulated
Deficit
Total
Shareholders’
Equity
 SharesAmount
Balance, December 31, 2019214,694,165 $2,147 $3,959,383 $(1,887,285)$2,074,245 
Issuance of common stock, net of
    ATM Program offering costs
7,971  310 — 310 
Restricted stock activity
405,093 4 (8,352)— (8,348)
Dividends paid ($0.70 per common share)
— — — (150,796)(150,796)
Net income
— — — 96,894 96,894 
Balance, March 31, 2020215,107,229 $2,151 $3,951,341 $(1,941,187)$2,012,305 
ATM Program offering costs  (83)— (83)
Restricted stock activity
12,056  4,062 — 4,062 
Dividends paid ($0.60 per common share)
2,701,952 27 (27)(25,869)(25,869)
Net income
— — — 112,350 112,350 
Balance, June 30, 2020217,821,237 $2,178 $3,955,293 $(1,854,706)$2,102,765 
ATM Program offering costs  (50)— (50)
Restricted stock activity
102,441 1 5,646 — 5,647 
Dividends paid ($0.60 per common share)
2,773,450 28 (28)(26,212)(26,212)
Net income
— — — 127,126 127,126 
Balance, September 30, 2020220,697,128 $2,207 $3,960,861 $(1,753,792)$2,209,276 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

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Gaming and Leisure Properties, Inc. and Subsidiaries
 Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
Nine months ended September 30,20212020
Operating activities  
Net income$414,459 $336,370 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:  
Depreciation and amortization186,204 181,094 
Amortization of debt issuance costs, bond premiums and original issuance discounts7,409 8,032 
 (Gains) losses on dispositions(14,722)(3)
Deferred income taxes(2,405)(84)
Stock-based compensation13,186 16,652 
Straight-line rent adjustments(2,544)5,394 
Deferred revenue recognized (272,529)
Losses on debt extinguishment 18,113 
(Increase), decrease  
Prepaid expenses and other assets7,016 1,363 
Increase, (decrease)  
Accounts payable and accrued expenses(1,237)(80)
Accrued interest9,155 22,470 
Accrued salaries and wages(1,082)(9,404)
Gaming, property and other taxes603 (175)
Income taxes847 26 
Other liabilities(905)3,292 
Net cash provided by operating activities615,984 310,531 
Investing activities  
Capital project expenditures(1,610) 
Capital maintenance expenditures(1,655)(1,629)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment, net2,096 15 
Proceeds from sale of operations, net of transaction costs30,807  
Acquisition of real estate assets(487,475) 
Net cash used in investing activities(457,837)(1,614)
Financing activities  
Dividends paid(468,162)(202,877)
Taxes paid related to shares withheld for tax purposes on restricted stock award vestings(9,837)(15,291)
Proceeds from issuance of common stock, net253,076 177 
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt 2,064,742 
Repayments of long-term debt(101)(2,060,850)
Premium and related costs paid on retirement of certain senior unsecured notes (15,747)
Net cash used in financing activities(225,024)(229,846)
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents, including cash classified within assets held for sale(66,877)79,071 
Less net change in cash classified within assets held for sale(3,650) 
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents(63,227)79,071 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period486,451 26,823 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$423,224 $105,894 
 
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements and Note 16 for supplemental cash flow information and noncash investing and financing activities.
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Gaming and Leisure Properties, Inc.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
 
1.              Business and Operations
 
Gaming and Leisure Properties, Inc. ("GLPI") is a self-administered and self-managed Pennsylvania real estate investment trust ("REIT"). GLPI (together with its subsidiaries, the "Company") was incorporated on February 13, 2013, as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Penn National Gaming, Inc. (NASDAQ: PENN) ("Penn"). On November 1, 2013, Penn contributed to GLPI, through a series of internal corporate restructurings, substantially all of the assets and liabilities associated with Penn’s real property interests and real estate development business, as well as the assets and liabilities of Hollywood Casino Baton Rouge and Hollywood Casino Perryville until the July 1, 2021 sale of the operations to Penn (which are referred to as the "TRS Properties") and then spun-off GLPI to holders of Penn's common and preferred stock in a tax-free distribution (the "Spin-Off"). The assets and liabilities of GLPI were recorded at their respective historical carrying values at the time of the Spin-Off in accordance with the provisions of Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 505-60 - Spinoffs and Reverse Spinoffs ("ASC 505").

The Company elected on its United States ("U.S.") federal income tax return for its taxable year that began on January 1, 2014 to be treated as a REIT and GLPI, together with its indirect wholly-owned subsidiary, GLP Holdings, Inc., jointly elected to treat each of GLP Holdings, Inc., Louisiana Casino Cruises, Inc. (d/b/a Hollywood Casino Baton Rouge) and Penn Cecil Maryland, Inc. (d/b/a Hollywood Casino Perryville) as a "taxable REIT subsidiary" ("TRS") effective on the first day of the first taxable year of GLPI as a REIT. In addition, during 2020, the Company and Tropicana LV, LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company which holds the real estate of Tropicana Las Vegas Casino Hotel Resort ("Tropicana Las Vegas"), elected to treat Tropicana LV, LLC as a TRS, which together with the TRS Properties and GLP Holdings, Inc. is the Company's TRS segment (the "TRS Segment"). In connection with the Spin-Off, Penn allocated its accumulated earnings and profits (as determined for U.S. federal income tax purposes) for periods prior to the consummation of the Spin-Off between Penn and GLPI. In connection with its election to be taxed as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes, GLPI declared a special dividend to its shareholders to distribute any accumulated earnings and profits relating to the real property assets and attributable to any pre-REIT years, including any earnings and profits allocated to GLPI in connection with the Spin-Off, to comply with certain REIT qualification requirements. On July 1, 2021, the Company sold the operations of Hollywood Casino Perryville to Penn and is leasing the real estate to Penn pursuant to a standalone lease. See Note 6 for additional discussion.

GLPI’s primary business consists of acquiring, financing, and owning real estate property to be leased to gaming operators in triple-net lease arrangements. As of September 30, 2021, GLPI’s portfolio consisted of interests in 50 gaming and related facilities, including the TRS Properties, the real property associated with 34 gaming and related facilities operated by Penn, the real property associated with 7 gaming and related facilities operated by Caesars Entertainment Corporation (NASDAQ: CZR) ("Caesars"), the real property associated with 4 gaming and related facilities operated by Boyd Gaming Corporation (NYSE: BYD) ("Boyd"), the real property associated with 2 gaming and related facilities operated by Bally's Corporation (NYSE: BALY) ("Bally's") and the real property associated with property operated by Casino Queen Holding Company Inc. ("Casino Queen") in East St. Louis, Illinois.  These facilities, including our corporate headquarters building, are geographically diversified across 17 states and contain approximately 25.3 million square feet. As of September 30, 2021, the Company's properties were 100% occupied. GLPI expects to continue growing its portfolio by pursuing opportunities to acquire additional gaming facilities to lease to gaming operators under prudent terms.

Penn Master Lease and Casino Queen Lease

As a result of the Spin-Off, GLPI owns substantially all of Penn’s former real property assets (as of the consummation of the Spin-Off) and leases back most of those assets to Penn for use by its subsidiaries, under a unitary master lease (the "Penn Master Lease"). The Penn Master Lease is a triple-net operating lease, the current term of which expires October 31, 2033, with no purchase option, followed by three remaining 5-year renewal options (exercisable by the tenant) on the same terms and conditions. GLPI leases the Casino Queen property in East St. Louis back to its operator on a triple-net basis on terms similar to those in the Penn Master Lease (the "Casino Queen Lease").

Amended Pinnacle Master Lease, Boyd Master Lease and Belterra Park Lease

In April 2016, the Company acquired substantially all of the real estate assets of Pinnacle Entertainment, Inc. ("Pinnacle") for approximately $4.8 billion. GLPI originally leased these assets back to Pinnacle, under a unitary triple-net lease, the term of which expires on April 30, 2031, with no purchase option, followed by four remaining 5-year renewal options (exercisable by the tenant) on the same terms and conditions (the "Pinnacle Master Lease"). On October 15, 2018, the Company completed its previously announced transactions with Penn, Pinnacle and Boyd to accommodate Penn's acquisition of the
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majority of Pinnacle's operations, pursuant to a definitive agreement and plan of merger between Penn and Pinnacle, dated December 17, 2017 (the "Penn-Pinnacle Merger"). Concurrent with the Penn-Pinnacle Merger, the Company amended the Pinnacle Master Lease to allow for the sale of the operating assets of Ameristar Casino Hotel Kansas City, Ameristar Casino Resort Spa St. Charles and Belterra Casino Resort from Pinnacle to Boyd (the "Amended Pinnacle Master Lease") and entered into a new unitary triple-net master lease agreement with Boyd (the "Boyd Master Lease") for these properties on terms similar to the Company’s Amended Pinnacle Master Lease. The Boyd Master Lease has an initial term of 10 years (from the original April 2016 commencement date of the Pinnacle Master Lease and expiring April 30, 2026), with no purchase option, followed by five 5-year renewal options (exercisable by the tenant) on the same terms and conditions. The Company also purchased the real estate assets of Plainridge Park Casino ("Plainridge Park") from Penn for $250.0 million, exclusive of transaction fees and taxes, and added this property to the Amended Pinnacle Master Lease. The Amended Pinnacle Master Lease was assumed by Penn at the consummation of the Penn-Pinnacle Merger. The Company also entered into a mortgage loan agreement with Boyd in connection with Boyd's acquisition of Belterra Park Gaming & Entertainment Center ("Belterra Park"), whereby the Company loaned Boyd $57.7 million (the "Belterra Park Loan"). In May 2020, the Company acquired the real estate of Belterra Park in satisfaction of the Belterra Park Loan, subject to a long-term lease (the "Belterra Park Lease") with a Boyd affiliate operating the property. The Belterra Park Lease rent terms are consistent with the Boyd Master Lease. The annual rent is comprised of a fixed component, part of which is subject to an annual escalator of up to 2% if certain rent coverage ratio thresholds are met and a component that is based on the performance of the facilities which is adjusted, subject to certain floors, every two years to an amount equal to 4% of the average annual net revenues of Belterra Park during the preceding two years in excess of a contractual baseline.

The Meadows Lease

The real estate assets of the Meadows Racetrack and Casino are leased to Penn pursuant to a single property triple-net lease (the "Meadows Lease"). The Meadows Lease commenced on September 9, 2016 and has an initial term of 10 years, with no purchase option, and the option to renew for three successive 5-year terms and one 4-year term (exercisable by the tenant) on the same terms and conditions. The Meadows Lease contains a fixed component, subject to annual escalators, and a component that is based on the performance of the facility, which is reset every two years to an amount determined by multiplying (i) 4% by (ii) the average annual net revenues of the facility for the trailing two-year period. The Meadows Lease contains an annual escalator provision for up to 5% of the base rent, if certain rent coverage ratio thresholds are met, which remains at 5% until the earlier of ten years or the year in which total rent is $31 million, at which point the escalator will be reduced to 2% annually thereafter.

Amended and Restated Caesars Master Lease

On October 1, 2018, the Company closed its previously announced transaction to acquire certain real property assets from Tropicana Entertainment Inc. ("Tropicana") and certain of its affiliates pursuant to a Purchase and Sale Agreement dated April 15, 2018 between Tropicana and GLP Capital L.P, ("GLP Capital"), the operating partnership of GLPI, which was subsequently amended on October 1, 2018 (as amended, the "Amended Real Estate Purchase Agreement"). Pursuant to the terms of the Amended Real Estate Purchase Agreement, the Company acquired the real estate assets of Tropicana Atlantic City, Tropicana Evansville, Tropicana Laughlin, Trop Casino Greenville and the Belle of Baton Rouge (the "GLP Assets") from Tropicana for an aggregate cash purchase price of $964.0 million, exclusive of transaction fees and taxes (the "Tropicana Acquisition"). Concurrent with the Tropicana Acquisition, Eldorado Resorts, Inc. (now doing business as Caesars) acquired the operating assets of these properties from Tropicana pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Merger dated April 15, 2018 by and among Tropicana, GLP Capital, Caesars and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Caesars and leased the GLP Assets from the Company pursuant to the terms of a new unitary triple-net master lease with an initial term of 15 years, with no purchase option, followed by four successive 5-year renewal periods (exercisable by the tenant) on the same terms and conditions (the "Caesars Master Lease"). On June 15, 2020, the Company amended and restated the Caesars Master Lease (as amended, the "Amended and Restated Caesars Master Lease") to, (i) extend the initial term of 15 years to 20 years, with renewals of up to an additional 20 years at the option of Caesars, (ii) remove the variable rent component in its entirety commencing with the third lease year, (iii) in the third lease year increase annual land base rent to approximately $23.6 million and annual building base rent to approximately $62.1 million, (iv) provide fixed escalation percentages that delay the escalation of building base rent until the commencement of the fifth lease year with building base rent increasing annually by 1.25% in the fifth and sixth lease year, 1.75% in the seventh and eighth lease years and 2% in the ninth lease year and each lease year thereafter, (v) subject to the satisfaction of certain conditions, permit Caesars to elect to replace the Tropicana Evansville and/or Tropicana Greenville properties under the Amended and Restated Caesars Master Lease with one or more of Caesars Gaming Scioto Downs, The Row in Reno, Isle Casino Racing Pompano Park, Isle Casino Hotel – Black Hawk, Lady Luck Casino – Black Hawk, Isle Casino Waterloo ("Waterloo"), Isle Casino Bettendorf ("Bettendorf") or Isle of Capri Casino Boonville, provided that the aggregate value of such new property, individually or collectively, is at least equal to the value of Tropicana Evansville or Tropicana Greenville, as applicable (vi) permit Caesars to elect to sell its interest in Belle of Baton Rouge and sever it from the
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Amended and Restated Caesars Master Lease (with no change to the rent obligation to the Company), subject to the satisfaction of certain conditions, and (vii) provide certain relief under the operating, capital expenditure and financial covenants thereunder in the event of facility closures due to pandemics, governmental restrictions and certain other instances of unavoidable delay. The effectiveness of the Amended and Restated Caesars Master Lease was subject to the review of certain gaming regulatory agencies and the expiration of applicable gaming regulatory advance notice periods which were received on July 23, 2020. On December 18, 2020, the Company and Caesars completed an Exchange Agreement (the "Exchange Agreement") with subsidiaries of Caesars in which Caesars transferred to the Company the real estate assets of Waterloo and Bettendorf in exchange for the transfer by the Company to Caesars of the real property assets of Tropicana Evansville, plus a cash payment of $5.7 million. This resulted in a non-cash gain of $41.4 million in the fourth quarter of 2020, which represented the difference between the fair value of the properties received compared to the carrying value of Tropicana Evansville and the cash payment made. In connection with the Exchange Agreement, the annual building base rent was increased to $62.5 million and the annual land component was increased to $23.7 million.

Lumière Place Lease

On October 1, 2018, the Company entered into a loan agreement with Caesars in connection with Caesars’s acquisition of Lumière Place Casino ("Lumière Place"), whereby the Company loaned Caesars $246.0 million (the "CZR loan"). The CZR loan bore interest at a rate equal to (i) 9.09% until October 1, 2019 and (ii) 9.27% until its maturity. On the one-year anniversary of the CZR loan, the mortgage evidenced by a deed of trust on the Lumière Place property terminated and the loan became unsecured. On June 24, 2020, the Company received approval from the Missouri Gaming Commission to own the Lumière Place property in satisfaction of the CZR loan. On September 29, 2020, the transaction closed and we entered into a new triple net lease with Caesars (the "Lumière Place Lease") the initial term of which expires on October 31, 2033, with 4 separate renewal options of five years each, exercisable at the tenant's option. The Lumière Place Lease's rent is subject to an annual escalator of up to 2% if certain rent coverage ratio thresholds are met.

Tropicana Las Vegas

On April 16, 2020, the Company and certain of its subsidiaries acquired the real property associated with the Tropicana Las Vegas from Penn in exchange for $307.5 million of rent credits to be applied against future rent obligations that were fully utilized in 2020. This asset has been placed in our TRS Segment. See Note 17 for the anticipated sale of the building and sale-lease back of the land for this asset.

Morgantown Lease

On October 1, 2020, the Company and Penn closed on their previously announced transaction whereby GLPI acquired the land under Penn's gaming facility under construction in Morgantown, Pennsylvania in exchange for $30.0 million in rent credits which were fully utilized by Penn in the fourth quarter of 2020. The Company is leasing the land back to an affiliate of Penn for an initial term of 20 years, followed by six 5-year renewal options exercisable by the tenant (the "Morgantown Lease").

Bally's Master Lease

On June 3, 2021, the Company completed its previously announced transaction pursuant to which a subsidiary of Bally's acquired 100% of the equity interests in the Caesars subsidiary that currently operates Tropicana Evansville and the Company reacquired the real property assets of Tropicana Evansville from Caesars for a cash purchase price of approximately $340.0 million. In addition, the Company purchased the real estate assets of Dover Downs Hotel & Casino from Bally's for a cash purchase price of approximately $144.0 million. The real estate assets of these two facilities were added to a new master lease (the "Bally's Master Lease") which has an initial term of 15 years, with no purchase option, followed by four 5-year renewal options (exercisable by the tenant) on the same terms and conditions.

Perryville Lease

On July 1, 2021, the Company completed its previously announced transaction whereby Penn purchased the operations of Hollywood Casino Perryville and the real estate assets of the facility are being leased to Penn under a triple net lease for an initial annual rent of $7.77 million, $5.83 million of which will be subject to escalation provisions beginning in the second lease year through the fourth lease year and increasing by 1.50% during such period and then increasing by 1.25% for the remaining lease term. The escalation provisions beginning in the fifth lease year are subject to the CPI being at least 0.5% for the
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preceding lease year. The lease has an initial term of 20 years, with no purchase option, followed by three 5-year renewal options (exercisable by the tenant) on the same terms and conditions (the "Perryville Lease").

COVID-19

In the first quarter of 2020, there was a global outbreak of a new strain of novel coronavirus COVID-19. The global, domestic and local response to the COVID-19 outbreak continues to evolve. Responses to the COVID-19 outbreak included mandates from federal, state, and/or local authorities that required temporary closures of, or imposed limitations on, the operations of non-essential businesses. All of the Company's tenants' casino operations, in addition to the Company's two TRS Properties, were closed in mid-March 2020. Our properties began reopening at limited capacity in May 2020 and by early July 2020 nearly all had resumed operations at limited capacity. However, in the fourth quarter of 2020, increased spread of COVID-19 led some jurisdictions to impose temporary closures once again. As of the date of this filing, none of our properties are closed.

2.              Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") for interim financial information and with the instructions for Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete consolidated financial statements. In the opinion of management, all normal recurring adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included.

The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of GLPI and its subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses for the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. Specifically, gains and losses from dispositions were previously classified within General and administrative expenses and are now presented separately on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.

Operating results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2021. The consolidated financial statements contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 (our "Annual Report") should be read in conjunction with these condensed consolidated financial statements. The December 31, 2020 financial information has been derived from the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements.

The Company’s significant accounting policies are described in Note 2 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the Company’s Annual Report and since the date of those financial statements, the Company has not had any significant changes to these accounting policies that have had a material impact on the Company's financial statements.

3.    New Accounting Pronouncements

Accounting Pronouncements Recently Adopted

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform ("ASU 2020-04"). Reference rates such as London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR") are widely used in a broad range of financial instruments and other agreements. Regulators and market participants in various jurisdictions have undertaken efforts, generally referred to as "reference rate reform", to eliminate certain reference rates and introduce new reference rates that are based on a larger and more liquid population of observable transactions. As a result of this reform initiative, certain widely used rates such as LIBOR are expected to be discontinued. ASU 2020-04 provides optional expedients for applying the guidance for contract modifications or other situations affected by reference rate reform, specifically addressing the accounting for modifications of contracts within the scope of ASC Topic 310 on receivables, ASC 470 on debt, and ASC 842 on leases and ASC subtopic 815-15 on embedded derivatives. The adoption of this pronouncement had no material impact on the Company's financial statements.


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4.              Real Estate Investments
 
Real estate investments, net, represents investments in 48 rental properties and the corporate headquarters building and is summarized as follows:
 
September 30,
2021
December 31,
2020
 (in thousands)
Land and improvements$3,134,326 $2,667,616 
Building and improvements6,262,060 6,030,482 
Total real estate investments9,396,386 8,698,098 
Less accumulated depreciation(1,598,652)(1,410,940)
Real estate investments, net$7,797,734 $7,287,158 

The increase in real estate investments is due to the acquisition of Dover Downs and Tropicana Evansville in the previously announced transaction with Bally's as well as the reclassification of the land associated with Tropicana Las Vegas from its own line item on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as the Company has entered into an agreement to sell the building and lease the land back to Bally's. This deal is expected to close in less than one year. The building has been reclassified to assets held for sale. See Note 6 and 17 for further details on these transactions.

5.              Property and Equipment Used in Operations
 
Property and equipment used in operations, net, consists of the following and primarily represents the assets utilized at the TRS Properties.
 
September 30,
2021
December 31,
2020
 (in thousands)
Land and improvements$7,320 $30,540 
Building and improvements86,110 117,333 
Furniture, fixtures, and equipment28,832 28,767 
Construction in progress2,083 474 
Total property and equipment124,345 177,114 
Less accumulated depreciation(84,260)(96,496)
Property and equipment, net$40,085 $80,618 

The decrease in land and improvements and building and improvements as well as accumulated depreciation at September 30, 2021 from year end is a result of the sale of the operations of Hollywood Casino Perryville as discussed in Note 6.



6. Assets Held for Sale

On November 25, 2020, the Company entered into a definitive agreement to sell the operations of our Hollywood Casino Baton Rouge to Casino Queen for $28.2 million. The Company will retain ownership of all real estate assets at Hollywood Casino Baton Rouge and will simultaneously enter into a master lease with Casino Queen, which will include the Casino Queen property in East St. Louis that is currently leased by us to Casino Queen and the Hollywood Casino Baton Rouge facility (the "Casino Queen Master Lease"). The initial annual cash rent on the retained real estate will be approximately $21.4 million and the Casino Queen Master Lease will have an initial term of 15 years with four 5-year renewal options exercisable by the tenant. Additionally, the Company will complete the current land side development project that is in process and the rent under the Casino Queen Master Lease will be adjusted upon delivery to reflect a yield of 8.25% on GLPI's project costs. The transaction is subject to customary closing conditions and regulatory approvals and is expected to close before the end of the year.

On December 15, 2020, the Company announced that Penn exercised its option to purchase from the Company the operations of our Hollywood Casino Perryville, located in Perryville, Maryland, for $31.1 million, which closed on July 1,
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Table of Contents
2021. The Company is leasing the real estate of the Perryville facility to Penn pursuant to a lease providing for initial annual rent on the retained real estate of $7.77 million, subject to escalation provisions. The Company recorded a gain of $15.6 million (after tax gain of $11.3 million) in connection with the sale during the three month period ended September 30, 2021.

On April 13, 2021, Bally’s agreed to acquire both GLPI’s non-land real estate assets and Penn's outstanding equity interests in Tropicana Las Vegas Hotel and Casino, Inc. for an aggregate cash acquisition price of $150 million. GLPI will retain ownership of the land and concurrently enter into a ground lease for 50 years with initial annual rent of $10.5 million. The ground lease will be supported by a Bally’s corporate guarantee and cross-defaulted with the Bally's Master Lease. This transaction is expected to close in early 2022. At September 30, 2021, the Company classified the building value of Tropicana Las Vegas in Assets held for sale and the land value in Real estate investments, net on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet since the transaction is expected to close within 12 months of the most recent balance sheet date. At December 31, 2020, the Company classified the real property associated with Tropicana Las Vegas as a separate caption on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.

The Company has classified the building value of Tropicana Las Vegas and the operating assets of Hollywood Casino Baton Rouge as Assets held for sale since we expect these transactions to close within 12 months and classified the respective liabilities relating to the above asset sales within Other liabilities on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet which is comprised of the following (in thousands).

Assets
Property and equipment, used in operations, net$4,501 
Real estate of Tropicana Las Vegas, net77,728 
Right-of-use assets and land rights, net28
Cash and cash equivalents18,481 
Prepaid expenses802 
Goodwill16,067 
Other assets511 
Total $118,118 
Liabilities
Accounts payable4 
Accrued expenses1,561 
Accrued salaries and wages1,716 
Gaming, property and other taxes876 
Lease liabilities28 
Other liabilities320 
Total which is classified in Other Liabilities $4,505 


The assets held for sale reside in the Company's TRS Segment. See Note 15 for the pre-tax income of this segment for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.


7. Lease Assets and Lease Liabilities

Lease Assets

The Company is subject to various operating leases as lessee for both real estate and equipment, the majority of which are ground leases related to properties the Company leases to its tenants under triple-net operating leases. These ground leases may include fixed rent, as well as variable rent based upon an individual property’s performance or changes in an index such as the consumer price index ("CPI"), and have maturity dates ranging from 2028 to 2108, when considering all renewal options. For certain of these ground leases, the Company’s tenants are responsible for payment directly to the third-party landlord.
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Under ASC 842, the Company is required to gross-up its condensed consolidated financial statements for these ground leases as the Company is considered the primary obligor. In conjunction with the adoption of ASU 2016-02 on January 1, 2019, the Company recorded right-of-use assets and related lease liabilities on its condensed consolidated balance sheet to represent its rights to use the underlying leased assets and its future lease obligations, respectively, including for those ground leases paid directly by our tenants. Because the right-of-use asset relates, in part, to the same leases which resulted in the land right assets the Company recorded on its condensed consolidated balance sheet in conjunction with the Company's assumption of below market leases at the time it acquired the related land and building assets, the Company is required to report the right-of-use assets and land rights in the aggregate on the condensed consolidated balance sheet.

Land rights, net represent the Company's rights to land subject to long-term ground leases. The Company obtained ground lease rights through the acquisition of several of its rental properties and immediately subleased the land to its tenants. These land rights represent the below market value of the related ground leases. The Company assessed the acquired ground leases to determine if the lease terms were favorable or unfavorable, given market conditions at the acquisition date. Because the market rents to be received under the Company's triple-net tenant leases were greater than the rents to be paid under the acquired ground leases, the Company concluded that the ground leases were below market and were therefore required to be recorded as a definite lived asset (land rights) on its books.

Components of the Company's right-of use assets and land rights, net are detailed below (in thousands):
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Right-of use assets - operating leases (1)
$185,410 $151,339 
Land rights, net675,128 617,858 
Right-of-use assets and land rights, net$860,538 $769,197 

(1) The increase in right-of use assets - operating leases relates to a ground lease acquired in connection with the Tropicana Evansville transaction which closed on June 3, 2021. In addition, there is $28 thousand and $0.3 million of operating lease right-of-use assets included in assets held for sale at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

Land Rights

The land rights are amortized over the individual lease term of the related ground lease, including all renewal options, which ranged from 10 years to 92 years at their respective acquisition dates. Land rights net, consist of the following:
September 30,
2021
December 31,
2020
(in thousands)
Land rights$734,192 $667,751 
Less accumulated amortization(59,064)(49,893)
Land rights, net$675,128 $617,858 

The increase from December 31, 2020 relates to land rights recorded in connection with the Tropicana Evansville acquisition which closed on June 3, 2021.


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As of September 30, 2021, estimated future amortization expense related to the Company’s land rights by fiscal year is as follows (in thousands):
Year ending December 31,
2021 (remainder of year)$3,325 
202213,298 
202313,298 
202413,298 
202513,298 
Thereafter618,611 
Total$675,128 

Lease Liabilities

At September 30, 2021, maturities of the Company's operating lease liabilities were as follows (in thousands):
Year ending December 31,
2021 (remainder of year)$3,417 
202213,666 
202313,664 
202413,617 
202513,567 
Thereafter630,492 
Total lease payments$688,423 
Less: interest(501,942)
Present value of lease liabilities (1)
$186,481 

(1) In addition, there is $28 thousand of lease liabilities included in other liabilities related to liabilities held for sale.

Lease Expense

Operating lease costs represent the entire amount of expense recognized for operating leases that are recorded on the condensed consolidated balance sheet. Variable lease costs are not included in the measurement of the lease liability and include both lease payments tied to a property's performance and changes in an index such as the CPI that are not determinable at lease commencement, while short-term lease costs are costs for those operating leases with a term of 12 months or less.

The components of lease expense were as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
Operating lease cost$3,425 $3,458 $9,581 $10,625 
Variable lease cost (1)
2,688 1,651 5,827 2,461 
Short-term lease cost185 203 813 425 
Amortization of land right assets3,322 3,021 9,171 9,061 
Total lease cost$9,620 $8,333 $25,392 $22,572 

(1) Variable lease costs for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 included a true up of the monthly rental payments paid by our tenants on certain ground leases that are based on estimated current year annual performance which were impacted by casino closures due to COVID-19. As discussed previously, under ASC 842, the Company is required to gross up its financial statements by recording both expense and revenue (recorded within rental income on the condensed consolidated statements of income) for these payments since the Company is considered the primary obligor.

Amortization expense related to the land right intangibles, as well as variable lease costs and the majority of the Company's operating lease costs are recorded within land rights and ground lease expense in the condensed consolidated statements of income. The Company's short-term lease costs as well as a small portion of operating lease costs are recorded in
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both gaming, food, beverage and other expense and general and administrative expense in the condensed consolidated statements of income.

Supplemental Disclosures Related to Leases

Supplemental balance sheet information related to the Company's operating leases was as follows:
September 30, 2021
Weighted average remaining lease term - operating leases51.78 years
Weighted average discount rate - operating leases6.56%

In addition, the weighted average remaining lease term and the weighted average discount rate for those operating
leases included in assets held for sale and other liabilities is 0.8 years and 5.16%, respectively.

Supplemental cash flow information related to the Company's operating leases was as follows:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(in thousands)(in thousands)
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
  Operating cash flows from operating leases (1) (2)
$405 $436 $1,212 $1,373 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new lease obligations:
   Operating leases$ $12 $35,372 $197 

(1) The Company's cash paid for operating leases is significantly less than the lease cost for the same period due to the majority of the Company's ground lease rent being paid directly to the landlords by the Company's tenants. Although GLPI expends no cash related to these leases, they are required to be grossed up in the Company's financial statements under ASC 842.
(2) In addition, there is $9 thousand and $27 thousand related to assets held for sale and other liabilities for operating cash flows from cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively.


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8.              Long-term Debt
 
Long-term debt is as follows:
 
September 30,
2021
December 31,
2020
 (in thousands)
Unsecured $1,175 million revolver
$ $ 
Unsecured term loan A-2424,019 424,019 
$500 million 5.375% senior unsecured notes due November 2023
500,000 500,000 
$400 million 3.35% senior unsecured notes due September 2024
400,000 400,000 
$850 million 5.25% senior unsecured notes due June 2025
850,000 850,000 
$975 million 5.375% senior unsecured notes due April 2026
975,000 975,000 
$500 million 5.75% senior unsecured notes due June 2028
500,000 500,000 
$750 million 5.30% senior unsecured notes due January 2029
750,000 750,000 
$700 million 4.00% senior unsecured notes due January 2030
700,000 700,000 
$700 million 4.00% senior unsecured notes due January 2031
700,000 700,000 
Finance lease liability759 860 
Total long-term debt5,799,778 5,799,879 
Less: unamortized debt issuance costs, bond premiums and original issuance discounts(37,781)(45,190)
Total long-term debt, net of unamortized debt issuance costs, bond premiums and original issuance discounts
$5,761,997 $5,754,689 

The following is a schedule of future minimum repayments of long-term debt as of September 30, 2021 (in thousands):

 
Within one year$140 
2-3 years1,324,321 
4-5 years1,825,317 
Over 5 years2,650,000 
Total minimum payments$5,799,778 
 
Senior Unsecured Credit Facility

Prior to June 25, 2020, the Company's senior unsecured credit facility (the "Credit Facility") consisted of a $1,175 million revolving credit facility (the "Revolver") with a maturity date of May 21, 2023, and a $449 million Term Loan A-1 facility with a maturity date of April 28, 2021.

The Company fully drew down on its Revolver in the first quarter of 2020 to increase its liquidity position and repay certain senior unsecured notes. On June 25, 2020, the Company entered into an amendment to the Credit Facility (as amended, the "Amended Credit Facility"), which extended the maturity date of approximately $224 million of outstanding Term Loan A-1 facility borrowings to May 21, 2023, which term loans are now classified as a new tranche of term loans (Term Loans A-2). Additionally, the Company borrowed incremental Term Loans A-2 totaling $200 million. Furthermore, on June 25, 2020, the Company closed on an offering of $500 million of 4.00% unsecured senior notes due in January 2031 at an issue price equal to 98.827% of the principal amount. The Company utilized the proceeds from these two financings along with cash on hand to repay all outstanding obligations under its Revolver. On August 18, 2020, the Company borrowed an additional $200 million of 4.00% unsecured senior notes due in January 2031 at an issue price equal to 103.824% of the principal amount. The Company utilized the net proceeds from this additional borrowing to repay indebtedness under the Term Loan A-1 facility.

At September 30, 2021, the Amended Credit Facility had a gross outstanding balance of $424.0 million, consisting of the Term Loan A-2 facility. Additionally, at September 30, 2021, the Company was contingently obligated under letters of credit issued pursuant to the Amended Credit Facility with face amounts aggregating approximately $0.4 million, resulting in $1,174.6 million available borrowing capacity under the Revolver as of September 30, 2021.

The interest rates payable on the loans are, at the Company's option, equal to either a LIBOR rate or a base rate plus an applicable margin, which ranges from 1.0% to 2.0% per annum for LIBOR loans and 0.0% to 1.0% per annum for base rate
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loans, in each case, depending on the credit ratings assigned to the Amended Credit Facility. At September 30, 2021, the applicable margin was 1.50% for LIBOR loans and 0.50% for base rate loans. In addition, the Company is required to pay a commitment fee on the unused portion of the commitments under the Revolver at a rate that ranges from 0.15% to 0.35% per annum, depending on the credit ratings assigned to the Amended Credit Facility. At September 30, 2021, the commitment fee rate was 0.25%. The Company is not required to repay any loans under the Amended Credit Facility prior to maturity and may prepay all or any portion of the loans under the Amended Credit Facility prior to maturity without premium or penalty, subject to reimbursement of any LIBOR breakage costs of the lenders. The Company's wholly owned subsidiary, GLP Capital, is the primary obligor under the Amended Credit Facility, which is guaranteed by GLPI.

The Amended Credit Facility contains customary covenants that, among other things, restrict, subject to certain exceptions, the ability of GLPI and its subsidiaries to grant liens on their assets, incur indebtedness, sell assets, make investments, engage in acquisitions, mergers or consolidations or pay certain dividends and other restricted payments. The Amended Credit Facility contains the following financial covenants, which are measured quarterly on a trailing four-quarter basis: a maximum total debt to total asset value ratio, a maximum senior secured debt to total asset value ratio, a maximum ratio of certain recourse debt to unencumbered asset value and a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio. In addition, GLPI is required to maintain a minimum tangible net worth and its status as a REIT. GLPI is permitted to pay dividends to its shareholders as may be required in order to maintain REIT status, subject to the absence of payment or bankruptcy defaults. GLPI is also permitted to make other dividends and distributions subject to pro forma compliance with the financial covenants and the absence of defaults. The Amended Credit Facility also contains certain customary affirmative covenants and events of default, including the occurrence of a change of control and termination of the Penn Master Lease (subject to certain replacement rights). The occurrence and continuance of an event of default under the Amended Credit Facility will enable the lenders under the Amended Credit Facility to accelerate the loans and terminate the commitments thereunder. At September 30, 2021, the Company was in compliance with all required financial covenants under the Amended Credit Facility.

Senior Unsecured Notes

In the first quarter of 2020, the Company redeemed all $215.2 million aggregate principal amount of the Company’s outstanding 4.875% senior unsecured notes due in November 2020 and all $400 million aggregate principal amount of the Company’s outstanding 4.375% senior unsecured notes due in April 2021. The Company recorded a loss on the early extinguishment of debt related to the redemption of $17.3 million, primarily for call premium charges and debt issuance write-offs.

At September 30, 2021, the Company had $5,375.0 million of outstanding senior unsecured notes (the "Senior Notes"). Each of the Company's Senior Notes contain covenants limiting the Company’s ability to: incur additional debt and use its assets to secure debt; merge or consolidate with another company; and make certain amendments to the Penn Master Lease. The Senior Notes also require the Company to maintain a specified ratio of unencumbered assets to unsecured debt. These covenants are subject to a number of important and significant limitations, qualifications and exceptions.
At September 30, 2021, the Company was in compliance with all required financial covenants under its Senior Notes.


9. Fair Value of Financial Assets and Liabilities

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Assets and liabilities recorded at fair value are classified based upon the level of judgment associated with the inputs used to measure their fair value. ASC 820 - Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures ("ASC 820") establishes a hierarchy that prioritizes fair value measurements based on the types of inputs used for the various valuation techniques (market approach, income approach, and cost approach). The levels of the hierarchy related to the subjectivity of the valuation inputs are described below:

Level 1: Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. 

Level 2: Inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly; these include quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, such as interest rates and yield curves that are observable at commonly quoted intervals. 

Level 3: Unobservable inputs that reflect the reporting entity's own assumptions, as there is little, if any, related market activity.
        
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    The Company's assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement requires judgment and may affect the valuation of assets and liabilities and their placement within the fair value hierarchy.

Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
 
The following methods and assumptions are used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instruments for which it is practicable to estimate.

Cash and Cash Equivalents
 
The fair value of the Company’s cash and cash equivalents approximates the carrying value of the Company’s cash and cash equivalents, due to the short maturity of the cash equivalents.

Deferred Compensation Plan Assets

The Company's deferred compensation plan assets consist of open-ended mutual funds and as such the fair value measurement of the assets is considered a Level 1 measurement as defined under ASC 820. Deferred compensation plan assets are included within other assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Long-term Debt
 
The fair value of the Senior Notes are estimated based on quoted prices in active markets and as such is a Level 1 measurement as defined under ASC 820. The fair value of the obligations in our Amended Credit Facility is based on indicative pricing from market information (Level 2 inputs).

The estimated fair values of the Company’s financial instruments are as follows (in thousands):
 September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
 Carrying
Amount
Fair
Value
Carrying
Amount
Fair
Value
Financial assets:    
Cash and cash equivalents (1)
$423,224 $423,224 $486,451 $486,451 
Deferred compensation plan assets
32,912 32,912 35,514 35,514 
Financial liabilities:    
Long-term debt:    
Amended Credit Facility424,019 424,019 424,019 424,019 
Senior Notes5,375,000 5,978,513 5,375,000 6,026,840 

(1) In addition, there is $18.5 million at September 30, 2021 and $22.1 million at December 31, 2020 in cash and cash equivalents in assets held for sale.

Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis
There were no assets or liabilities measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis during the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020.
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10.              Commitments and Contingencies
 
Litigation

The Company is subject to various legal and administrative proceedings relating to personal injuries, employment matters, commercial transactions, and other matters arising in the normal course of business. The Company does not believe that the final outcome of these matters will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial position or results of operations. In addition, the Company maintains what it believes is adequate insurance coverage to further mitigate the risks of such proceedings. However, such proceedings can be costly, time consuming, and unpredictable and, therefore, no assurance can be given that the final outcome of such proceedings may not materially impact the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or liquidity. Further, no assurance can be given that the amount or scope of existing insurance coverage will be sufficient to cover losses arising from such matters. 

11. Revenue Recognition

As of September 30, 2021, 19 of the Company’s real estate investment properties were leased to a subsidiary of Penn under the Penn Master Lease, an additional 12 of the Company's real estate investment properties were leased to a subsidiary of Penn under the Amended Pinnacle Master Lease, 6 of the Company's real estate investment properties were leased to a subsidiary of Caesars under the Amended and Restated Caesars Master Lease, 3 of the Company's real estate investment properties were leased to a subsidiary of Boyd under the Boyd Master Lease and 2 of the Company's real estate investment properties were leased to a subsidiary of Bally's under the Bally's Master Lease. Additionally, the Meadows real estate assets are leased to Penn pursuant to the Meadows Lease, the Hollywood Casino Perryville real estate assets are leased to Penn pursuant to the Perryville Lease, the land under a Penn development facility is subject to the Morgantown Lease and the Casino Queen real estate assets are leased back to the operator under the Casino Queen Lease. Finally, the Company has single property triple net leases with Caesars under the Lumière Place Lease and Boyd under the Belterra Park Lease.

The obligations under the Penn Master Lease and Amended Pinnacle Master Lease, as well as the Meadows Lease, Morgantown Lease and Perryville Lease, are guaranteed by Penn and, with respect to each lease, jointly and severally by Penn's subsidiaries that occupy and operate the facilities covered by such lease. Similarly, the obligations under the Amended and Restated Caesars Master Lease are jointly and severally guaranteed by Caesars and by most of Caesars's subsidiaries that occupy and operate the leased facilities. The obligations under the Bally's Master Lease are guaranteed by Bally's and jointly and severally by Bally's subsidiaries that occupy and operate the facilities covered by the Bally's Master Lease. The obligations under the Boyd Master Lease are jointly and severally guaranteed by Boyd's subsidiaries that occupy and operate the facilities leased under the Boyd Master Lease.
The rent structure under the Penn Master Lease includes a fixed component, a portion of which is subject to an annual 2% escalator if certain rent coverage ratio thresholds are met, and a component that is based on the performance of the facilities, which is prospectively adjusted, subject to certain floors (i) every five years to an amount equal to 4% of the average net revenues of all facilities under the Penn Master Lease (other than Hollywood Casino Columbus and Hollywood Casino Toledo) during the preceding five years in excess of a contractual baseline, and (ii) monthly by an amount equal to 20% of the net revenues of Hollywood Casino Columbus and Hollywood Casino Toledo during the preceding month in excess of a contractual baseline, although Hollywood Casino Toledo has a monthly percentage rent floor which equals $22.9 million annually due to Penn's acquisition of a competing facility, Greektown Casino-Hotel in Detroit, Michigan.

Similar to the Penn Master Lease, the Amended Pinnacle Master Lease also includes a fixed component, a portion of which is subject to an annual 2% escalator if certain rent coverage ratio thresholds are met and a component that is based on the performance of the facilities, which is prospectively adjusted subject to certain floors (namely the Bossier City Boomtown property due to Penn's acquisition of a competing facility, Margaritaville Resort Casino), every two years to an amount equal to 4% of the average net revenues of all facilities under the Amended Pinnacle Master Lease during the preceding two years in excess of a contractual baseline.

On July 23, 2020, the Amended and Restated Caesars Master Lease became effective as described more fully in Note 1. This modification was accounted for as a new lease which the Company concluded continued to meet the criteria for operating lease treatment. As a result, the existing deferred revenue at the time of the amendment is being recognized in the income statement over the Amended and Restated Caesars Master Lease's new initial lease term, which now expires in September 2038. The Company has concluded the renewal options of up to an additional 20 years at the tenant's option are not reasonably certain of being exercised as failure to renew would not result in a significant penalty to the tenant. In addition, the guaranteed fixed escalations in the new initial lease term will be recognized on a straight line basis.
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On December 18, 2020, following the receipt of required regulatory approvals, the Company and Caesars completed the Exchange Agreement with subsidiaries of Caesars in which Caesars transferred to the Company the real estate assets of Waterloo and Bettendorf in exchange for the transfer by the Company to Caesars of the real property assets of Tropicana Evansville, plus a cash payment of $5.7 million. The Waterloo and Bettendorf facilities were added to the Amended and Restated Caesars Master Lease and the rent was increased by $520,000 annually. This Exchange Transaction resulted in a reconsideration of the Amended and Restated Caesars Master Lease which resulted in the continuation of operating lease treatment for accounting classification purposes.

The Boyd Master Lease includes a fixed component, a portion of which is subject to an annual 2% escalator if certain rent coverage ratio thresholds are met, and a component that is based on the performance of the facilities, which is adjusted every two years to an amount equal to 4% of the average annual net revenues of all facilities under the Boyd Master Lease during the preceding two years in excess of a contractual baseline.

In May 2020, the Company acquired the real estate of Belterra Park in satisfaction of the Belterra Park Loan, subject to the Belterra Park Lease with a Boyd affiliate operating the property. The Belterra Park Lease rent terms are consistent with the Boyd Master Lease. The annual rent is comprised of a fixed component, part of which is subject to an annual escalator of up to 2% if certain rent coverage ratio thresholds are met and a component that is based on the performance of the facilities which is adjusted, every two years to an amount equal to 4% of the average annual net revenues of Belterra Park during the preceding two years in excess of a contractual baseline.

On September 29, 2020, the Company acquired the real estate of Lumière Place in satisfaction of the CZR loan, subject to the Lumière Place Lease, the initial term of which expires on October 31, 2033, with 4 separate renewal options of five years each, exercisable at the tenant's option. The Lumière Place Lease's rent is subject to an annual escalator of up to 2% if certain rent coverage ratio thresholds are met.

The Meadows Lease contains a fixed component, subject to annual escalators, and a component that is based on the performance of the facility, which is reset every two years to an amount determined by multiplying (i) 4% by (ii) the average annual net revenues of the facility for the trailing two-year period. The Meadows Lease contains an annual escalator provision for up to 5% of the base rent, if certain rent coverage ratio thresholds are met, which remains at 5% until the earlier of ten years or the year in which total rent is $31.0 million, at which point the escalator will be reduced to 2% annually thereafter.

The Morgantown Lease became effective on October 1, 2020 whereby the Company is leasing the land under Penn's gaming facility under construction for an initial cash rent of $3.0 million, provided, however, that (i) on the opening date and on each anniversary thereafter the rent shall be increased by 1.5% annually (on a prorated basis for the remainder of the lease year in which the gaming facility opens) for each of the following three lease years and (ii) commencing on the fourth anniversary of the opening date and for each anniversary thereafter, (a) if the CPI increase is at least 0.5% for any lease year, the rent for such lease year shall increase by 1.25% of rent as of the immediately preceding lease year, and (b) if the CPI increase is less than 0.5% for such lease year, then the rent shall not increase for such lease year.

The Perryville Lease with Penn became effective July 1, 2021 which has initial annual rent of $7.77 million, $5.83 million of which is subject to escalation provisions beginning in the second lease year through the fourth lease year and increasing by